Table of Content

Open Access Review

A Delirium Monitoring Program for Hospitalized Older Adults: An Approach to Age-Friendly Health Systems

Temitope Akinjogbin, Jacob Parnell, Maria C. Duggan
Received: May 05, 2020; Published: July 13, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2003128

Abstract: Delirium is an acute change in mental status with key features of inattention and disorganized thinking. It is particularly common in older adults, with multiple and varied causes. Delirium increases the risk of morbidity, mortality, institutionalization, and healthcare costs; however, it is often m [...]

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Open Access Review

Ageing, Comorbidity and Frailty-Synergistic Risk Factors for Covid-19 Adverse Outcomes

Demelza Emmerton, Samra Khan, Joanne Conway, Daniel Mosby, Ahmed H. Abdelhafiz
Received: May 31, 2020; Published: July 10, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2003127

Abstract: With life-expectancy rising globally, the prevalence of ageing, comorbidity and frailty is likely to increase especially in the low and middle income countries. The emergence of the new COVID-19 pandemic has been concentrated in this group of patients and has led to worse outcomes compared to younge [...]

16 59

Open Access Review

Neurological Manifestations of Celiac Disease and Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity and the Effect of a Gluten Free Diet

Jamie Zhen, M. Ines Pinto-Sanchez
Received: May 17, 2020; Published: July 10, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2003065

Abstract: Celiac disease (CeD) is an immune-mediated enteropathy triggered by gluten ingestion and affects nearly 1% of the population worldwide. CeD has typically been associated with gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea and abdominal pain; however, its extra-intestinal manifestations are becoming wide [...]

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Open Access Research Article

YNCRG Inhibited Metabolic Syndrome Through Appetite Suppression and Improved Lipid Metabolism in Metabolic Syndrome Model Rats

Maya Kudo, Misa Hayashi, Peng Tian, Danyang Liu, Lili Wu, Wei Li, Zhaoyang Hong, Yitang Zhao, Toshiaki Nishigaki, Masaaki Nishihara, Kazuo Koike, Tonghua Liu, Ming Gao
Received: April 13, 2020; Published: July 09, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.icm.2003033

Abstract: Increased body fat mass can lead to lifestyle diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia. Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions that increases the onset of multiple diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, stroke, and type 2 diabetes, which are closely related to lipid met [...]

10 50

Open Access Review

Hypnosis for Resilience

Enrico Facco
Received: February 04, 2020; Published: July 08, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.icm.2003032

Abstract: The topic of resilience is of paramount importance. Although the term resilience was coined in the fields of physics and engineering, its use has spread to the fields of social sciences, biology, psychology, and psychiatry, as well as to the industry. Moreover, the term is now endowed with a wide ra [...]

8 50

Open Access Review

Pancreatic Islet Cell Transplantation: Graft Stability and Metabolic Outcomes

Khawla F. Ali, Betul Hatipoglu
Received: June 06, 2020; Published: July 07, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.transplant.2003115

Abstract: Pancreatic islet transplantation is a rapidly evolving field. It has been increasingly regarded as a promising approach for the correction of dysglycemia associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus (allogenic islet transplantation), or the prevention of surgical diabetes in chronic pancreatitis subject [...]

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Open Access Original Research

Single-Center Outcomes of Heart Transplantation in Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension Bridged with Mechanical Circulatory Support

Dominic Emerson, Jon Kobashigawa, Ryan Levine, Jamie Moriguchi, Dominick Megna, Joshua Chung, Danny Ramzy, Alfredo Trento, Fardad Esmailian
Received: April 14, 2020; Published: July 06, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.transplant.2003114

Abstract: In advanced heart failure, orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) remains the standard for definitive treatment. Patients with heart failure and concomitant pulmonary hypertension (PH) represent a challenging subgroup, with poor outcomes following OHT. Recently, Mechanical Circulatory Support (MCS) [...]

8 67

Open Access Original Research

Bone Mineral Density in Male Hospital Physicians over the Age of 65 Years

Noa Sylvetsky, Chen Futeran Shahar, Meir Frankel, Gabriel Munter
Received: April 01, 2020; Published: July 02, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2003126

Abstract: Hospitalists are at risk for vitamin D deficiency during their active years due to indoor working conditions and insufficient sunlight exposure. The impairment of bone mineral density (BMD) in this group has not been studied. A total of 50 male hospitalists aged ≥ 65 years were enrolled. Their BMD w [...]

14 85

Open Access Review

“Evolution” of Embryogenesis: Complexity of the Early Developmental Stages in the Animal Kingdom

Steve Liebich
Received: March 16, 2020; Published: July 02, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.genet.2003113

Abstract: Multicellularity has gained the advantage over the unicellular world by expanding the number of increasingly more complex tissues that achieve advanced and specific functions. This same event gave rise to the most evolved group of organisms, namely mammals. Even though the complexity of multicellula [...]

17 96

Open Access Short Review

Bio-Based Substances from the Compost of Bio-Waste for Decontamination of Waste Water

Razieh Sadraei
Received: April 25, 2020; Published: July 01, 2020; doi:10.21926/rpm.2003017

Abstract: A literature survey shows that the valorization of urban and/or agricultural biowastes into chemicals has caught the attention of experts and is gradually becoming quite an important issue. This review presents the application of the Bio-Based Substances (BBS) isolated from the compost of bio-wastes [...]

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