Table of Content

Open Access Review

Oncogenes Orchestrate Immunosuppressive Stroma in Gastric Adenocarcinoma

Received: 30 June 2020;  Published: 16 September 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2003116

Abstract

Gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) is among the three most common cancers in the world. The majority of GAC patients are diagnosed in an advanced stage and have a median survival of ~9 months. There are limited effective therapeutic strategies available in the clinic and currently U.S. Food and Drug Admin [...]

13 96

Open Access Opinion

Breeding “CRISPR” Crops1

Received: 21 April 2020;  Published: 13 August 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2003115

Abstract

The challenges which face the world today can be summed up in a few words: An increasingly congested world with dwindling areas of viable cultivated land and accelerating climate instability. The combined effect of these realities, together with the trend of striving to extend the average human life [...]

140 261

Open Access Review

Detection of Circulating Tumor DNA in Solid Tumors

Received: 27 May 2020;  Published: 06 August 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2003114

Abstract

Cancer is characterized by sequential and progressive genetic and epigenetic alterations in key proto-oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, which ultimately lead to tumor development. Advances in the technology of analysis of molecular mechanisms have increased the efficiency of clinical management [...]

56 256

Open Access Review

“Evolution” of Embryogenesis: Complexity of the Early Developmental Stages in the Animal Kingdom

Received: 16 March 2020;  Published: 02 July 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2003113

Abstract

Multicellularity has gained the advantage over the unicellular world by expanding the number of increasingly more complex tissues that achieve advanced and specific functions. This same event gave rise to the most evolved group of organisms, namely mammals. Even though the complexity of multicellula [...]

55 449

Open Access Original Research

Genetic Variants of Targetable Cancer-related Genes in Vestibular Schwannomas

Received: 02 May 2020;  Published: 28 June 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2002112

Abstract

Background: Vestibular schwannoma is an intracranial tumor which can lead to devastating neurological deficit and is prone to recurrence after surgery. Patients with inherited neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) syndrome are particularly susceptible to bilateral and aggressive schwannomas. However, the g [...]

73 498

Open Access Review

Genetic Explanations for Fertility Disorders

Received: 02 May 2020;  Published: 23 June 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2002111

Abstract

This article reviews the genetic testing of infertility disorders. Genetic abnormalities can lead to disturbances of sexual development and hamper reproduction by influencing gamete production and maturation, fertilization, and embryonic development. Until now, the vast majority of detectable geneti [...]

50 433

Open Access Review

Splicing HAC1/XBP1 mRNAs in Cytoplasm: The Non-Conventional mRNA Splicing Reaction in the Unfolded Protein Response

Received: 23 March 2020;  Published: 22 May 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2002110

Abstract

The majority of the secretory and transmembrane proteins are folded in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). When unfolded proteins accumulate in the ER, a collective of signalling pathways, termed the unfolded protein response (UPR), are activated to restore the ER protein folding homeostasis. The most e [...]

69 658

Open Access Technical Note

HER2 FISH for Breast Cancer: Advances in Quantitative Image Analysis and Automation

Received: 02 March 2020;  Published: 13 May 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2002109

Abstract

Quantitative image analysis of the status of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) by both immunohistochemistry staining and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) is important for the treatment of breast cancer. Guidelines of the American Society for Clinical Oncology and College of Ame [...]

68 617

Open Access Research Article

Professionals’ Views on Offering Pre-Natal Testing for Adult Onset Cancer Susceptibility. Reconciling Personal and Professional Ethical Conflicts, Coping Strategies and Need for Policy Transparency

Received: 30 December 2019;  Published: 26 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2002108

Abstract

This paper explores views of healthcare professionals (HCPs) in genetics and foetal medicine settings on offering pre-natal diagnosis (PND) for adult onset cancer susceptibility (AOCS) genes. Study participants came from different disciplinary backgrounds and all had considered implications of offer [...]

74 580

Open Access Original Research

MSIGNET: A Bayesian Approach for Disease-associated Gene Network Identification

Received: 19 October 2019;  Published: 07 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2002107

Abstract

The analysis of gene networks and signalling pathways plays a key role in understanding gene functions, i.e., their effects on the development of a particular disease. Yet, for many heterogeneous diseases, the number of known disease-associated genes is limited. Identifying disease-assoc [...]

67 542

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