Table of Content

Open Access Research Article

Establishing a Method for Quantifying Spinal Curvature during Videofluoroscopic Swallow Studies: Applying the Modified Cobb Angle to Healthy Young and Older Adults

Ashwini M. Namasivayam-MacDonald, Luis F. Riquelme, Sonja M. Molfenter
Received: June 02, 2020; Published: July 29, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2003129

Abstract: The Cobb angle is traditionally used for quantifying the degree of spinal curvature through evaluation of the full spinal cord. When conducting measurements on videofluoroscopy swallowing studies (VFSS), the Cobb angle can measure degree of cervical vertebrae curvature, which may have implications f [...]

6 96

Open Access Review

A Delirium Monitoring Program for Hospitalized Older Adults: An Approach to Age-Friendly Health Systems

Temitope Akinjogbin, Jacob Parnell, Maria C. Duggan
Received: May 05, 2020; Published: July 13, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2003128

Abstract: Delirium is an acute change in mental status with key features of inattention and disorganized thinking. It is particularly common in older adults, with multiple and varied causes. Delirium increases the risk of morbidity, mortality, institutionalization, and healthcare costs; however, it is often m [...]

18 181

Open Access Review

Ageing, Comorbidity and Frailty-Synergistic Risk Factors for Covid-19 Adverse Outcomes

Demelza Emmerton, Samra Khan, Joanne Conway, Daniel Mosby, Ahmed H. Abdelhafiz
Received: May 31, 2020; Published: July 10, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2003127

Abstract: With life-expectancy rising globally, the prevalence of ageing, comorbidity and frailty is likely to increase especially in the low and middle income countries. The emergence of the new COVID-19 pandemic has been concentrated in this group of patients and has led to worse outcomes compared to younge [...]

29 169

Open Access Original Research

Bone Mineral Density in Male Hospital Physicians over the Age of 65 Years

Noa Sylvetsky, Chen Futeran Shahar, Meir Frankel, Gabriel Munter
Received: April 01, 2020; Published: July 02, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2003126

Abstract: Hospitalists are at risk for vitamin D deficiency during their active years due to indoor working conditions and insufficient sunlight exposure. The impairment of bone mineral density (BMD) in this group has not been studied. A total of 50 male hospitalists aged ≥ 65 years were enrolled. Their BMD w [...]

22 182

Open Access Original Research

The Effect of Live Bedside Music on Pain in Elderly Surgical Patients. A Unique Collaboration

Hanneke van der Wal- Huisman, Henk Groen, Erik Heineman, Barbara L. van Leeuwen
Received: April 08, 2020; Published: July 01, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2003125

Abstract: Postoperative pain has a negative influence on physical and mental recovery and may result in a variety of postoperative complications. Listening to recorded music has been revealed to reduce pain, but in addition to that, live bedside music further offers the possibility to interact with the patien [...]

24 226

Open Access Original Research

On the Face of It: Social Heuristics Are Mediated by Age and Sex, But Not by Faciometrics

Julia M. Robertson, Barbara E. Kingsley
Received: February 16, 2020; Published: June 23, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2002124

Abstract: The ability to situate individuals within social categories provides an important social function, allowing people to navigate problems of survival and reproduction within highly complex social structures. This categorization of people with apparently shared characteristics is facilitated by various [...]

14 222

Open Access Review

Bone Health in the Elderly with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus–A Systematic Review

Zheer Al-Mashhadi, Rikke Viggers, Rasmus Fuglsang-Nielsen, Bente Langdahl, Peter Vestergaard, Søren Gregersen, Jakob Starup-Linde
Received: April 02, 2020; Published: June 18, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2002123

Abstract: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and osteoporosis are two major public health concerns worldwide, contributing to morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Aging is one of the most significant risk factors for low bone mass, bone fragility, and fractures. Among the several comorbidities that affect the [...]

23 308

Open Access Research Article

Post-Mortem Comparison of the Incidence and the Distribution of Cerebrovascular Lesions Using Additional 7.0-Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Cognitive Normal Young, Middle-Aged, and Elderly Persons

Jacques De Reuck, Florent Auger, Nicolas Durieux, Claude-Alain Maurage, Vincent Deramecourt, Charlotte Cordonnier, Florence Pasquier, Didier Leys, Regis Bordet
Received: April 06, 2020; Published: June 04, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2002122

Abstract: Regional brain atrophy and an escalation in vascular risk are associated to increasing age in normal cognitive healthy persons. The present post-mortem study compares the incidence of cerebrovascular lesions between young-aged, middle-aged, and elderly cognitive normal persons with additional 7.0-te [...]

22 267

Open Access Review

Intermittent Fasting and Brain Health: Efficacy and Potential Mechanisms of Action

Nikita Francis
Received: March 15, 2020; Published: June 01, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2002121

Abstract: Despite continuous efforts to combat neurodegenerative diseases, researchers have been unable to find an intervention that reverses degeneration and/or improves cognition in dementia or healthy aging. Therefore, it is considerably important to identify lifestyle factors that could potentially aid in [...]

33 369

Open Access Research Article

Association between Very Low Dietary Protein Intake and Subsequent Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults in the United States

Marika Haritos Paul, Mary Beth Arensberg, Judy R. Simon, Satya S. Jonnalagadda, Suzette L. Pereira, Jamie S. Partridge, Joseph A. Rosenthal
Received: April 10, 2020; Published: May 22, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2002120

Abstract: Poor nutrition is linked to frailty and both poor nutrition and frailty are recognized risk factors for falls. This study examined the association between dietary protein intake and subsequent reported falls in community-dwelling older Americans with a history of falls. Other nutritional, functional [...]

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