Table of Content

Open Access Review

Voice and Speech Disorders in Alzheimer’s Disease: A State-of-the-Art Review

Received: 29 June 2020;  Published: 08 September 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2003072

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia in the world. This manuscript attempts to review the current knowledge of neurolaryngology and speech and language therapy in Alzheimer’s disease in order to distinguish it from other neurodegenerative diseases. Only a limited number of studies [...]

23 156

Open Access Review

Epigenetics of Sleep Disruption

Received: 27 June 2020;  Published: 08 September 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2003071

Abstract

Sleep plays an important role in maintaining brain function, memory consolidation, hormonal balance, immune system function, growth, and repair. The physiological and psychological effects of disruptions in sleep highlight its importance in human health and wellness. Epigenetic roles are proposed in [...]

31 160

Open Access Communication

Exploring Potential Neurobiological Parallels of Restrictive Behaviour: Anorexia Nervosa and Chew and Spit (CHSP)

Received: 05 May 2020;  Published: 18 August 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2003070

Abstract

Consensus for where along the eating disorder spectrum the pathological eating behaviour of Chew and Spit (CHSP) falls has been a point of contention in academic literature. Using the case of Mary1, a 30 year old female from Australia who has engaged in excessive restrictive b [...]

104 241

Open Access Review

Neurostimulation Approaches in the Treatment of Severe Anorexia Nervosa

Received: 04 May 2020;  Published: 07 August 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2003069

Abstract

Psychiatry is seeking interventions that could reliably sustain weight gain and psychosomatic recovery of patients with severe anorexia nervosa (AN). Currently, patients with AN, even after receiving individually-tailored therapeutic interventions, often relapse following marginal weight restoration [...]

71 361

Open Access Review

Neonatal Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy: An Updated Preclinical and Clinical Review

Received: 04 February 2020;  Published: 28 July 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2003068

Abstract

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is a major cause of death and disability in the newborn period. Experimental models have demonstrated that brain injury in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy occurs in two phases: primary energy failure and secondary energy failure. In primary energy failure, there is a [...]

68 330

Open Access Case Report

Behavioral Disorders and Celiac Disease: Coincidence or Casualty?

Received: 10 May 2020;  Published: 24 July 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2003067

Abstract

This paper presents the case of a child diagnosed with both celiac disease and Asperger’s syndrome. The literature does not report this association to date, and the authors believe it to be a coincidence rather than a casualty.

87 280

Open Access Review

Neurological Manifestations of the Celiac Disease in Children

Received: 07 May 2020;  Published: 17 July 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2003066

Abstract

Gluten-related disorders (GRDs) represent a spectrum of diverse clinical manifestations triggered by the ingestion of gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. The most common and widely recognized diseases within this spectrum are celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity. The clinical [...]

56 718

Open Access Review

Neurological Manifestations of Celiac Disease and Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity and the Effect of a Gluten Free Diet

Received: 17 May 2020;  Published: 10 July 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2003065

Abstract

Celiac disease (CeD) is an immune-mediated enteropathy triggered by gluten ingestion and affects nearly 1% of the population worldwide. CeD has typically been associated with gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea and abdominal pain; however, its extra-intestinal manifestations are becoming wide [...]

48 350

Open Access Case Report

Prone Anesthesia for a Super-Super Morbidly Obese Patient Undergoing Neurosurgery: A Case Report

Received: 03 May 2020;  Published: 24 June 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002064

Abstract

Obesity is on the rise around the world, carrying along with it a wide range of comorbidities and complications. We report on a super-super morbidly obese 43-year-old female, with a body mass index (BMI) of 77.85 kg/m2 (173cm, 233kg), who presented for a scheduled suboccipital craniectomy with C-1 l [...]

49 468

Open Access Review

Synaptic Plasticity and Learning Processes: A Neuroeducation Perspective

Received: 14 April 2020;  Published: 22 June 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002063

Abstract

The story of each individual is essentially the story of theirlearning processes and relationships from the moment they were born. Indeed, the story of learning processes is merely a constant stratification of experiences based on biological and neurofunctional features that are influenced by geneti [...]

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