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Open Access Case Report

Secondary Acute Pancreatitis Associated with Paracetamol and Codeine Administration after Dental Treatment: Literature Analysis and Clinical Case Study

Alessandro Luigi Rossi, Vincenzo Capilupi, David Palombo, Luigi Tagliatesta, Tecla Terenzio, Marco Vitali, Matteo Chiapasco
Received: April 29, 2019; Published: August 30, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.hg.1903035

Abstract: OBJECTIVES To review current literature analysing possible secondary complications in response to the administration of paracetamol and codeine as analgesics in the dental field. To discuss a case of secondary acute pancreatitis triggered by the administration of both active ingredients. MATERIALS A [...]

Open Access Review

Rare Causes of Acute Pancreatitis: Drugs, Eosinophilia, and Autoimmunity

Mauro Turrin
Received: March 15, 2019; Published: August 29, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.hg.1903034

Abstract: Background: Among the rarest causes of acute pancreatitis, in addition to the drugs (DIAP), there are eosinophilic pancreatitis (EP) and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). Methods: we have researched on PUBMED the descriptions of clinical cases of eosinophilic pancreatitis appeared from 1990 to February [...]

Open Access Review

Advanced Endoscopic Techniques in the Evaluation and Treatment of Fibrostenotic Crohn's Disease

Alina Wong, Scott D Lee
Received: May 09, 2019; Published: August 16, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.hg.1903033

Abstract: Crohn’s disease is characterized by chronic intestinal inflammation that can result in significant morbidity and loss of intestinal function over time. Many novel treatments for Crohn’s disease are being developed, but a significant portion of patients still requires surgical therapy for structuring [...]

Open Access Review

Conventional and Future Therapies for Crohn's Disease

Abdulmaleek Sado, Rahul Kalla, Simon Campbell
Received: May 20, 2019; Published: August 14, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.hg.1903032

Abstract: Crohn's disease is part of a group of diseases termed inflammatory bowel disease. Guidelines have long advocated the use of steroids for acute flare up and Current goals of treatment include enhancing long-lasting remission, preventing relapse, reducing the need for surgery, preventing complications [...]

Open Access Review

New and Old Therapeutic Options for Luminal Crohn's Disease - An Overview of Current Literature

Rachel Rutherford, Patrick B Allen
Received: February 25, 2019; Published: August 12, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.hg.1903031

Abstract: Crohn's Disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory, relapsing and remitting condition that leads to structural damage of the bowel wall. It can be located in any part of the gastrointestinal tract with associated extra-intestinal manifestations. It varies in severity having many complications resulting [...]

Open Access Review

Pathological Angiogenesis: The New Culprit behind Chronic Liver Disease

Marta Ramirez, Mercedes Fernandez
Received: February 25, 2019; Published: July 31, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.hg.1903030

Abstract: This review describes our current understanding of the pathogenic role of angiogenesis in chronic liver disease and portal hypertension, emphasizing its involvement not only in the liver but also in extrahepatic complications such as the formation of portosystemic collaterals and increased splanchni [...]

Open Access Review

Pancreatitis in Solid Organ Transplant Patients: A Review of the Literature

Danielle Graham, Takahiro Ito, Ronald Busuttil, Fady Kaldas
Received: May 05, 2019; Published: July 29, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.hg.1903029

Abstract: Acute pancreatitis is a highly morbid condition widely recognized and well-defined in the general population. In this article, we summarize the current literature on acute pancreatitis in the setting of solid organ transplant axiom, including patients who are listed for or have undergone transplanta [...]

Open Access Review

Hereditary Pancreatitis – A Review of Current Concepts and Management

Daniel Hughes, Alex Gordon-Weeks, Michael A Silva
Received: April 30, 2019; Published: July 19, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.hg.1903028

Abstract: (1) Background: Hereditary Pancreatitis is a rare cause of acute pancreatitis. These patients usually present at a young age with recurrent episodes of acute pancreatitis that usually progresses to chronic pancreatitis with associated endocrine and exocrine failure. Hereditary pancreatitis also ca [...]

Open Access Review

Therapeutic Strategies and Current Management for Hepatic Encephalopathy in Liver Cirrhosis

Kazuyuki Suzuki, Akinobu Kato, Yasuhiro Takikawa
Received: February 04, 2019; Published: July 16, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.hg.1903027

Abstract: Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric syndrome showing a wide spectrum and one of the serious complications seen in patients with acute and chronic liver disease or spontaneous portal-systemic shunting. Recently, HE has been classified into two categories: covert HE, which involves minim [...]

Open Access Review

Review of Current Evidence in Acute Pancreatitis

Samantha Varley, Kirsten Rossi, Meghan Murray, Alissa Nichole
Received: May 17, 2019; Published: July 12, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.hg.1903026

Abstract: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory condition of the pancreas and is one of the most common ailments of the gastrointestinal system that results in significant morbidity and mortality. The main etiologic causes of AP are alcohol consumption, gallstones, hypertriglyceridemia, and biliary stone [...]

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