Table of Content

Open Access Review

Short Sleep in Pupils in Japan: Current Status and Associated Factors

Jun Kohyama
Received: February 21, 2019; Published: July 22, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1903034

Abstract: Background: Japan is the most sleepless nation in the world. This study aimed to understand short sleep pupils in Japan. Since academic performance is known to worsen with sleep problems, self-reported academic performance (s-rAP) was also investigated. Methods: A total of 1766 completed questionna [...]

29 391

Open Access Original Research

Melatonin Aggravated Oxaliplatin-Mimicking Sinusoidal Obstruction Syndrome: Role of Platelet Aggregation and Oxidative Stress

Srinivasan Periasamy, Se-Ping Chien, Bing-Fang Lee, Dur-Zong Hsu, Ming-Yie Liu 
Received: March 31, 2019; Published: July 17, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1903033

Abstract: (1) Background: Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome is a liver injury induced either by accidental ingestion of pyrrolizidine alkaloid monocrotaline or by chemotherapeutic drug oxaliplatin used for the treatment of colorectal cancer. Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome is characterized by rounding and swell [...]

46 424

Open Access Research Article

Daytime Sleepiness and the Well-Being and Academic Attainment of University Students in the UK

Kate Howells, Andrew P. Smith
Received: April 02, 2019; Published: July 02, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1903032

Abstract: Background: Previous research suggests that insufficient daily sleep has negative effects on both well-being and academic attainment. Much of the research in this field has focused on adolescents and children rather than university students in the UK. Methods: The present study used the Student Well [...]

43 452

Open Access Research Article

Autonomic Function Correlates with Microflora Compositions in a Small Cohort of Patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Preliminary Clinical Data and Discussion

Daniel Goyal, Fatma Mansab, James Neil, Jaleel Miyan
Received: March 05, 2019; Published: June 28, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1902031

Abstract: Research into the effects of microflora on health and in disease has increased recently. Such enthusiasm seems well placed. Should the preliminary studies translate through the larger, more powerful studies, the medical community may well have an entirely new platform from which to intervene for h [...]

41 418

Open Access Communication

A Neurotransmitter Approach to the Trolley Problem

Daniel Z. Lieberman, Sara Teichholtz, Brenna R. Emery
Received: Feburary 25, 2019; Published: June 28, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1902030

Abstract: Is it ethically permissible to sacrifice the life of one human being in order to save the lives of five others? This question forms the basis of the famous thought experiment called “the trolley problem.” Surveys have found that 90 percent of people agree it is permissible when the victim to be sacr [...]

51 359

Open Access Review

Sleep and Help Seeking Behaviours in Australia: A Narrative Review

Kelly P Attard, Robert JT Adams, Andrew Vakulin, Amy C Reynolds
Received: March 22, 2019; Published: June 27, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1902029

Abstract: Inadequate sleep is a largely under recognised problem in Australian communities despite researchers consistently highlighting it as a key component of health and wellbeing. Over a third of Australian adults now experience some form of inadequate sleep, which is strongly linked to a range of accompa [...]

30 391

Open Access Case Report

Changes in SPECT Brain Imaging in Pediatric Patients with Suspected Neuroborreliosis: A Series of 6 Cases

Laura Alonso Canal, Cecilia Paredes Mercado, María José Quiles Blanco, Marco Motta Calderón
Received: April 01, 2019; Published: May 14, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1902028

Abstract: Lyme disease is a disease transmitted by ticks with a broad spectrum of comorbidity associated, from purely osteoarticular to neurological, as well as great variability comorbidity depending on the age of the individual. It currently represents an epidemic recognized by the CDC and confers a very i [...]

58 350

Open Access Review

Connections between Early-Life Neuroinflammation, Neural Stem Cells and Progenitors and Origins of Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Ekta Kumari, Fernando J. Velloso, Steven W. Levison
Received: February 13, 2019; Published: May 13, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1902027

Abstract: A number of studies have highlighted the connection between infections during pregnancy in mothers and increased risk for neuropsychiatric disorders later in life leading to the view that maternal immune activation is a significant contributor to psychiatric illnesses. Meta-analyses have revealed a [...]

56 388

Open Access Review

The Effects of Exercise on Long-Term Potentiation: A Candidate Mechanism of the Exercise-Memory Relationship

Paul D. Loprinzi
Received: March 30, 2019; Published: May 10, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1902026

Abstract: Objective: The objective of this paper was to evaluate the extent to which exercise may influence long-term potentiation (LTP), a key cellular correlate of episodic memory function. Methods: Studies were identified using electronic databases, including PubMed, PsychInfo, Sports Discus and Google Sch [...]

57 496

Open Access Editorial

Editorial: “A New Era in Neuro-Oncology”

Antonio Meola
Received: May 05, 2019; Published: May 08, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1902025

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