Table of Content

Open Access Original Research

Dynamic Functional Connectivity Fading Analysis and Classification of Alzheimer’s Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment and Normal Control Subjects based on Resting-State fMRI Data

Received: 29 September 2019;  Published: 01 June 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002059

Abstract

In this paper, motivated by the fading effect in wireless communications, where severe channel fading is related to information loss during the transmission, we evaluate and analyze the fading effect in time-varying functional connectivity of AD, MCI and NC subjects based on the resting-state fMRI d [...]

31 328

Open Access Review

Insights into Brain Signal Transduction can Provide Potential Molecular Targets to Approach and Manage Alzheimer’s Disease

Received: 01 October 2019;  Published: 18 May 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002058

Abstract

Mechanisms leading to neuronal cell death in human pathology are far from being fully delineated. Understanding the molecules involved in neuronal death and the timing of their recruitment might help to explain the natural history of degenerative processes, including the morphological abnormalities [...]

27 407

Open Access Review

Neuroplasticity and Central Sensitization in Orofacial Pain and TMD

Received: 06 February 2020;  Published: 18 May 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002057

Abstract

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a group of musculoskeletal and neuromuscular conditions that involve the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the masticatory muscles, and branches of the trigeminal nerve. TMD is the most common chronic oral facial pain disorder. Pain associated with TMD can be clini [...]

31 372

Open Access Review

From Light to Sound: Photoacoustic and Ultrasound Imaging in Fundamental Research of Alzheimer’s Disease

Received: 24 October 2019;  Published: 30 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002056

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) causes severe cognitive dysfunction and has long been studied for the underlining physiological and pathological mechanisms. Several biomedical imaging modalities have been applied, including MRI, PET, and high-resolution optical microscopy, for research purposes. However, t [...]

54 513

Open Access Review

Neurochemical System Involved in Anorexia Nervosa

Received: 19 November 2019;  Published: 13 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002055

Abstract

Anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric disorder, the etiopathogenesis of which is still not fully understood. Currently, the most accredited model is a multifactorial model, which involves interaction between predisposing factors of biological nature, partly genetically determined, and psychological/pers [...]

51 466

Open Access Review

Catatonia Following Cessation of Topiramate in a Patient with Prader-Willi Syndrome: Case Report and Review of Literature

Received: 12 January 2020;  Published: 01 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002054

Abstract

Case studies have associated catatonia with withdrawal from benzodiazepines and clozapine, both of which have been shown to increase GABA activity. Long-term use of GABAergic medications could result in GABAA downregulation and sudden discontinuation of the GABAergic drug could lead to a GABA hypoac [...]

46 438

Open Access Review

Dopaminergic Activity and Exercise Behavior in Anorexia Nervosa

Received: 03 December 2019;  Published: 23 March 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2001053

Abstract

Driven exercise (i.e., the tendency to exercise in excess to influence weight/shape or regulate emotion) is difficult to manage in the context of anorexia nervosa, and is associated with poorer treatment outcomes, and psychological and medical severity. Driven exercise is observed in a considerable [...]

57 555

Open Access Original Research

The Effects of Subjective and Objective Sleep Monitoring on Sleep Patterns and Attitudes

Received: 22 November 2019;  Published: 11 March 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2001052

Abstract

Self-reports and actigraphy are common methods of sleep monitoring. Portable polysomnography (p-PSG) may serve as a screening tool in natural environments. Common concerns with its use are that sleep and compliance might be affected. Further, dysfunctional beliefs of the subjects may contribute to s [...]

66 577

Open Access Review

Neuroscience and its Contribution to Neuroeducation for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Received: 24 October 2019;  Published: 02 March 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2001051

Abstract

With an increasing prevalence of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in schools, teachers are in need of different effective ways to educate these individuals who have distinctly different needs and modalities of experience. One area that has been explored is neuroeducation, or using findin [...]

64 564

Open Access Original Research

Faster and More Accurate Identification of Male Faces in Female Care Home Residents

Received: 21 August 2019;  Published: 26 February 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2001050

Abstract

We investigated whether healthy older adults who live in female-dominated old age care homes can identify the gender of male and female faces of people from different ethnicities in the same way as young adults. We hypothesized that this mainly female environment would lead by exposure to a female-g [...]

58 697

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