Table of Content
Show:

Open Access Original Research

Mortality Risk Factors in Patients who are in Heart Transplantation Waiting List

Petr A. Fedotov, Maria A. Simonenko, Yulia V. Sazonova, Mariya A. Bortsova, Artem N. Kostomarov, Mariya Yu. Sitnikova
Received: February 01, 2019; Published: August 05, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.transplant.1903077

Abstract: Purpose: to estimate the survival of patients in a heart transplantation waiting list (HTxWL) at V.A.Almazov NMRC from 2010 to 2017 and to define risk factors for death among these patients. Materials and methods: A single-centre retrospective study of 151 patients with advanced chronic heart failur [...]

Open Access Research Article

Never Say Never: Unexpected Pulmonary Pathogens Found on Autopsy in Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Recipients

Ashrit Multani, Libby S. Allard, Joanna K. Nelson
Received: June 03, 2019; Published: July 29, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.transplant.1903076

Abstract: Hematopoietic cell transplantation is frequently complicated by infectious disease-related complications, especially pneumonia. Candida and enterococci are often overlooked as pulmonary pathogens with some clinicians firmly believing that these organisms never cause pneumonia. Here, we present a ser [...]

Open Access Review

Endemic Mycoses and Cryptococcus in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

Omer Eugene Beaird, Deepa Nanayakkara, Pryce Gaynor, Joanna Schaenman
Received: April 05, 2019; Published: July 26, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.transplant.1903075

Abstract: The endemic mycoses are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in transplant recipients. These fungal infections are notable for a dimorphic life cycle, a specific geographic distribution, and typical infection via environmental exposure. Their nonspecific presentation, often mimicking othe [...]

Open Access Review

Our Steps toward Subcutaneous Transplantation of Macro-Encapsulated Islets

Shoichiro Sumi, Sin-Yu Yang, Priyadarshini Canning, Kai-Chiang Yang
Received: May 29, 2019; Published: July 24, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.transplant.1903074

Abstract: Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) can be cured or greatly ameliorated by adequate insulin secretion from a relatively small volume of insulin-producing cells. Cell encapsulation enables allo- and even xeno-geneic cell therapy without immunosuppression. However, micro-encapsulated islets used in rec [...]

Open Access Review

Nutritional Management for Infants and Children Pre and Post-Liver Transplant

Melissa Mortensen, Christine Lundberg, Simon Horslen
Received: December 05, 2018; Published: July 17, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.transplant.1903073

Abstract: Background: Infants and children undergoing liver transplant require ongoing nutritional evaluation throughout the pre and post-transplant period. The pathophysiologic causes of chronic liver disease and acute liver failure are varied, and each present different and unique nutritional challenges. Me [...]

Open Access Review

Single Cell Transcriptomic Analysis of Pancreatic β Cell Development and Differentiation from Pluripotent Stem Cells

Chunhui Xie, Lillian Ye, Yeh-Chuin Poh, George Harb
Received: May 06, 2019; Published: July 17, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.transplant.1903072

Abstract: Single cell genomics is a powerful tool to study cellular heterogeneity and discover novel cell types. Recent studies used single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) to analyze the transcriptomes of individual pancreatic islet cells. Islets are a complex mixture of endocrine cells and therefore represen [...]

Open Access Research Article

A Simple and Effective Non-Human Primate Diabetic Model Combining Sub-Total Pancreatectomy and Low-Dose Streptozotocin Injection

Ibrahim Fathi, Takehiro Imura, Kozue Imura, Megumi Goto, Yasuhiro Igarashi, Akiko Inagaki, Makiko Kikkawa, Fumiko Ono, Hiroo Iwata, Yohichi Yasunami, Masafumi Goto
Received: March 27, 2019; Published: July 09, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.transplant.1903071

Abstract: BACKGROUND. Current non-human primate diabetic models, namely those induced by total pancreatectomy or streptozotocin (STZ) injection, suffer from several disadvantages, including a long surgical procedure, the need for continual digestive enzyme replacement, and a delayed oral intake after total pa [...]

Open Access Review

Clinical Tolerance Trials in Renal Transplantation – Where Do We Stand?

Joachim Andrassy, Antje Habicht
Received: November 05, 2018; Published: June 27, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.transplant.1902070

Abstract: In recent years, the potential of hematopoietic stem cells, regulatory T-cells and mesenchymal stem cells resulted in a variety of clinical tolerance trials. Every approach has yielded promising results. However, the riddle of transplant tolerance has not been solved as of yet. The results of the on [...]

Open Access Research Article

The DPP4 Inhibitor Sitagliptin Increases Active Glp-1 Levels from Human Islets and May Increase Islet Cell Survival Prior to Transplantation

Scott A. Campbell, Matthew Hubert, Janyne Johnson, Nicole Salamon, Peter E. Light
Received: March 12, 2019; Published: June 26, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.transplant.1902069

Abstract: Background One of the goals of clinical islet transplantation is to achieve a single-donor transplant that is dependent on obtaining enough quality  cell mass from one donor pancreas. Human islets are routinely cultured prior to transplantation, and pro-survival factors such as GLP-1 analogues have [...]

Open Access Review

Human Islet Isolation and Distribution Efforts for Clinical and Basic Research

Natasha Hui Jin Ng, Wei Xuan Tan, Ye Xin Koh, Adrian Kee Keong Teo
Received: March 11, 2019; Published: June 21, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.transplant.1902068

Abstract: The ability to obtain purified human islets routinely and reproducibly has enabled substantial progress in providing a safe and reliable treatment option for adult Type 1 diabetes patients. The availability of human islets for basic research has also significantly impacted the progress of understand [...]

TOP