Table of Content

Open Access Original Research

Promoting College Student and Staff Well-being Through a Mindfulness-based Coping Program

Received: 23 February 2023;  Published: 30 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2303034

Abstract

This study evaluated the impact on student and staff well-being of a mindfulness-based cognitive-behavioral coping program, Be REAL (Resilient Attitudes & Living), delivered by campus staff using a task-sharing approach. The program was adapted for online delivery during COVID19. Study participants included 325 undergraduate students and 100 staff members at a large tri-campus university in the U.S. Participants completed surveys with self-report measures assessing mindfulness, perceptions of stress, emotion regula [...]

68 1264

Open Access Original Research

Physicochemical Characterization and Mineral Composition of “UENF SD 08”: A Super-Sweet Corn Hybrid

Received: 30 December 2022;  Published: 27 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/rpn.2303015

Abstract

Sweet Corn (Zea mays L.) is possibly the most important commercial cereal originating in the Americas. Mutant genes are responsible for sweetness. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical and mineral composition of the “UENF SD 08” cultivar, super-sweet corn developed at Darcy Ribeiro Northern Rio de Janeiro State University (UENF) and registered in the National Cultivar Register of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Supply and to compare its content to commercial super-sweet corn and [...]

54 558

Open Access Review

Classical and Non-Classical Neural Communications

Received: 13 April 2023;  Published: 27 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2303181

Abstract

This review was constructed to show how the connectome has evolved in motor command systems from simple command elements to complex systems of neurons utilizing parallel distributed processing and the possibility of quantum entanglement between groups of neurons. Scientific and medical interest in neural pathways and their connections have driven neuroscience and brain research for many decades so that specific systems and their feedback loops have been considered in detail. We review motor command systems in inver [...]

80 765

Open Access Opinion

Life-Changing Bubbles: A Simple Solution That May Help Many

Received: 20 February 2023;  Published: 24 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2303247

Abstract

As the medical world continues to search for ways of improving the swallowing of many millions of Dysphagia sufferers around the world, this paper is devoted to presenting the case for carbonated water to be considered as a potential solution for many. The effectiveness of carbonated water (CW) in the rehabilitation of Dysphagia has been studied periodically over the last thirty years and some significant positive results have been recorded – but it is now proposed that further research should be directed to examin [...]

49 566

Open Access Original Research

Analysis of Interpersonal Relationships of Social Network Users Using Explainable Artificial Intelligence Methods

Received: 27 April 2023;  Published: 24 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2303180

Abstract

The emergence of the social networking phenomenon and the sudden spread of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) around the world have significantly affected the transformation of the system of interpersonal relations, partly shifting them towards virtual reality. Online social networks have greatly expanded the boundaries of human interpersonal interaction and initiated processes of integration of different cultures. As a result, research into the possibilities of predicting human behavior through the characteristic [...]

53 560

Open Access Original Research

COVID-19 Milieu and Its Psychological Effects on the Environmental Performance

Received: 03 June 2023;  Published: 22 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2303179

Abstract

COVID-19 brought significant challenges that have ruined almost all segments of the economy and the environment. The present paper explores the COVID-19 milieu and its impacts the environmental performance (EP). We targeted managers of the Small and Medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) of Saudi Arabia to get online responses. Using the path analysis, the findings reveal a significant negative effect of the factors such as perception of COVID-19 (PoCVD), innovation capability (IC), environmental concern (EC) and the fear [...]

36 496

Open Access Original Research

Impact of Feeding Time and Duration on Body Mass and Composition in Young, Exercising Mice

Received: 21 December 2022;  Published: 22 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/rpn.2303014

Abstract

Time-restricted feeding (TRF) has increased in popularity among various groups, including fitness enthusiasts. The ideal timing of TRF in relation to daily exercise is unknown. Most fitness enthusiasts consume meals immediately or soon after exercise to improve body composition (e.g., lean mass). We compared two different TRF approaches, as well as an ad libitum control diet, with regards to body mass and body composition in C57BL/6 mice. Young, healthy, male mice exercised five days per week and were assigned to c [...]

69 618

Open Access Research Article

Bioactive Properties of Sorghum-based Beverages from Whole or Refined Grains

Received: 08 May 2023;  Published: 22 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/rpn.2303013

Abstract

Sorghum-based beverages were developed and the effects of decortication on nutritional composition and biofunctional properties after a simulated gastrointestinal digestion were analyzed. For that, white sorghum flours from whole (WS) and decorticated (DS) grains were obtained and used to prepare sorghum beverages. They were analyzed regarding chemical composition, minerals, and phenolic acid contents. Moreover, the bioaccessibility of phenolics, proteins, and the potential bioactivity (ABTS+ scavenging, ACE-I inhi [...]

78 749

Open Access Short Communication

US State Hospital Regulations Rarely Include Malnutrition but Could Provide a Future Policy Framework for Improving Malnutrition Quality of Care

Received: 31 March 2023;  Published: 17 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2303246

Abstract

Malnutrition is a problem that is often not identified in hospitals as 8% of hospital patients are diagnosed but malnutrition is estimated to affect 20-50% of patients. Federal programs such as Joint Commission accreditation and the new, optional, global malnutrition composite score from CMS may improve inpatient malnutrition diagnosis, but there may be an opportunity to do more from a regulatory side. It’s unknown how many states are considering malnutrition from this standpoint. The study’s goal was to collect ba [...]

58 749

Open Access Review

Review on Material Performance of Carbon Nanotube-Modified Polymeric Nanocomposites

Received: 21 March 2023;  Published: 16 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/rpm.2303031

Abstract

The chemically functionalized carbon nanotubes (f-CNTs) and hydrogen bonding modified polymer composites (CPCs) exhibit unique chemical, mechanical, electrical, and thermal properties and are emerging as promising materials to achieve extraordinarily high electrical and thermal conductivity, lightweight and anticorrosion, superior strength and stiffness for potential applications in the aerospace and automotive industries, energy conversion, and optical and electronic devices, therefore, attracting considerable res [...]

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