Table of Content

Open Access Case Report

Autoimmunity in Autologous Islet Transplantation

Received: 29 March 2018;  Published: 02 July 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.1803014

Abstract

Total pancreatectomy (TP) is increasingly being utilized for definitive treatment in patients with debilitating chronic pancreatitis (CP). In an effort to prevent surgical diabetes, the procedure can be performed in conjunction with transplantation of islets of Langerhans recovered from the patients [...]

525 4267

Open Access Review

Regulation of Inflammatory Response in Islet Transplantation

Received: 29 March 2018;  Published: 22 June 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.1802013

Abstract

Islet cell transplantation is a developing treatment for patients suffering from severe Type-1 diabetes. The long-term insulin independence after islet cell transplantation has been difficult to achieve, and this has been linked to several factors. One of the major cause of poor long-term outcome is [...]

536 4948

Open Access Original Research

MicroRNAs as Potential Markers for Advantageous Perfusion in a Preclinical Donation after Cardiac Death Animal Model of Oxygenated Hypothermic Machine Perfusion (HOPE)

Received: 22 March 2018;  Published: 21 June 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.1802012

Abstract

Background: Extended criteria donors and donation after cardiac death donors provide organs which tend to be more sensitive to the stress of preservation. There is a lack of evidence about the potential role of oxygen in preservation techniques, and literature comparing oxygenated and non-oxygenated [...]

536 4906

Open Access Case Report

Delayed Clinically Significant Portal Hypertension after Total Pancreatectomy-Islet Auto-Transplantation

Received: 21 March 2018;  Published: 12 June 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.1802011

Abstract

Portal hypertension has not been described as a complication of total pancreatectomy-islet auto-transplantation (TPIAT). We describe the first reported case of delayed and clinically significant portal hypertension following TPIAT in a patient with idiopathic chronic pancreatitis.

624 5107

Open Access Review

Stem Cell Strategies to Promote Islet Transplantation Outcomes

Received: 02 April 2018;  Published: 05 June 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.1802010

Abstract

Pancreas or islet transplantation is the only reliable cure for Type 1 Diabetes. However, shortage of donor tissue supply, longitudinal graft attrition due to innate and adaptive immunity and the recurrence of autoimmunity, as well as the harmful side-effects of chronic immunosuppressive therapy lim [...]

677 4581

Open Access Review

Evolution in the Management of Invasive Fungal Infections in Liver Transplant Recipients

Received: 26 March 2018;  Published: 29 May 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.1802009

Abstract

Invasive fungal infections (IFI) remain an important cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in hospitalized and immunocompromised or critically ill patients. The incidence of IFIs has been declining in liver transplant recipients (LTR). This is likely due to the evolving immunosuppressive drug [...]

660 4660

Open Access Review

Islet Xenotransplantation for the Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes

Received: 25 February 2018;  Published: 25 April 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.1802008

Abstract

Allogeneic islet transplantation has been established to prevent severe hypoglycemia for unstable type 1 diabetic patients. Recent phase 3 clinical trial clearly demonstrated the benefit of allogeneic islet transplantation. Severe hypoglycemia is serious issue not only for type 1 diabetic patients b [...]

691 5331

Open Access Review

Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy: A Review of Risk Factors and Pathogenesis

Received: 31 August 2017;  Published: 11 January 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.1801007

Abstract

Heart transplant remains the gold standard therapy for patients with end stage heart disease and offers improved survival and quality of life. Significant progress has been achieved in improving one year mortality after heart transplantation. Nonetheless, long-term graft survival has not changed sig [...]

483 4614

Open Access Editorial

The Fundamental Challenges in Organ Transplantation

Received: 20 December 2017;  Published: 24 December 2017;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.1704006

Abstract

Organ transplantation is a unique form of therapy for organ failure. The results are overall extremely good, saving the lives of a large cohort of patients that would otherwise die or be left with reduced life expectancy and a poor quality of life. Yet, the success of transplantation creates a prob [...]

321 3883

Open Access Review

Management of Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy

Received: 31 May 2017;  Published: 28 September 2017;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.1703005

Abstract

Cardiac allograft vasculopathy(CAV) is one of the leading causes of death following the first 5 years after orthotopic heart transplantation(OHT) along with late graft failure( likely secondary to undiagnosed CAV. Currently there is no single medical treatment available for this condition except m [...]

515 4207

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