Open Access (OA) refers to unrestricted online access to scholarly research publications along with the unrestricted usage of these publications in this digital and big-data era. This term and the concept of “Open Access” was first defined in three statements: the Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003), and the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003). LIDSEN according to the Open Access model promotes science and education and benefits researchers and students because:
We publish all LIDSEN journals under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) License, unless otherwise noted. Under this license, authors agree to make articles, including data, graphics, and supplements, legally available for reuse, without permission or fees, for virtually any purpose. Any individual or institution is free to copy, distribute, reproduce, or reuse these publications, as long as the author and original source are properly cited.
Please note that some articles (especially Reviews) may contain figures, tables or text taken from other publications, for which LIDSEN does not hold the copyright or the right to re-license the published material. Please note that you should inquire with the original copyright holder (usually the original publisher or authors), whether or not this material can be re-used.
All the papers that are published in LIDSEN journals contain a note:
© 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the conditions of the Creative Commons by Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is correctly cited.