Open Access Concept Paper

Admiral Nursing in Primary Care: Peri and Post-Diagnostic Support for Families Affected by Dementia within the UK Primary Care Network Model

Zena Aldridge, Karen Harrison Dening
Received: September 19, 2019; Published: October 18, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.1904081

Abstract: The UK population is ageing. In 2017 approximately 18% of the UK population were aged 65 years or over and projected to grow to almost 21% by 2027 according to the Office of National Statistics (ONS) (2018a). Increased age is the greatest risk factor for developing dementia (Van de Flier & Sche [...]

Open Access Review

Optimizing Phage Translation Initiation

Xuhua Xia
Received: June 9, 2019; Published: October 17, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.genet.1904097

Abstract: Phage as an anti-bacterial agent must be efficient in killing bacteria, and consequently needs to replicate efficiently. Protein production is a limiting step in replication in almost all forms of life, including phages. Efficient protein production depends on the efficiency of translation initiatio [...]

Open Access Review

Insulin-Like Growth Factor 2 in Physiology, Cancer, and Cancer Treatment

Bas T Röttgering, Karoly Szuhai
Received: May 14, 2019; Published: October 14, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.genet.1904096

Abstract: IGF2 is a strongly mitogenic peptide and imprinted gene primarily involved in foetal development. In the foetus, IGF2 is highly expressed and is involved with foetal growth and tissue differentiation. However, postnatally IGF2 expression decreases although its expression level is still higher in blo [...]

Open Access Original Research

Naming and Framing the Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) Paradigm: Professional Stakeholder Perspectives

Emma Wolverson, Heather Birtles, Esme Moniz-Cook, Ian James, Dawn Brooker, Frances Duffy
Received: September 08, 2019; Published: October 11, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.1904080

Abstract: Background Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia and Challenging Behaviour in dementia care are just two of a variety of terms for a complex paradigm that covers the most distressing and costly aspects of the condition. The terminology used to describe these aspects can influence what [...]

Open Access Original Research

Formulation-Properties of Novel Ibuprofen-Loaded Soy Protein Wound Dressings

Lia Ofek, Daniella Goder, Meital Zilberman
Received: July 31, 2019; Published: October 11, 2019; doi:10.21926/rpm.1904004

Abstract: Wound management constitutes a significant field in medical care, as millions of wounds require treatment worldwide every year. Soy protein has the advantages of being a highly biocompatible, easily processed, relatively cheap natural polymer, which can be used for wound dressing applications. In th [...]

Open Access Research Article

Does a Brief Mindfulness Training Enhance Heartfulness in Students? Results of a Pilot Study

Myriam Rudaz, Thomas Ledermann, Michael P. Twohig, Michael E. Levin
Received: May 24, 2019; Published: October 10, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.icm.1904059

Abstract: (1) Background: There is robust evidence that mindfulness trainings enhance mindfulness as operationalized in Western psychology, but evidence about heartfulness is sparse. This study seeks to test whether a brief mindfulness training enhances heart qualities, including self-compassion, gratitude, a [...]

Open Access Perspective

Behavioral versus Biological Definitions of Dementia Symptoms: Recognizing that Worthwhile Interventions already Exist

Robert J. Brent
Received: July 31, 2019; Published: October 10, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.1904079

Abstract: Background: The 2018 Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures special report includes two new guidelines for measuring dementia symptoms. The first requires that a biomarker (biological factor) be added to a doctor’s clinical judgment of the cause of symptoms when determining whether dementia is presen [...]

Open Access Research Article

GAPcare: The Geriatric Acute and Post-Acute Fall Prevention Intervention for Emergency Department Patients – A Qualitative Evaluation

Elizabeth M. Goldberg, Cameron J. Gettel, Kelsey Hayes, Renee R. Shield, Kate M. Guthrie
Received: August 21, 2019; Published: October 10, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.1904078

Abstract: Three million US emergency department (ED) visits occur for falls each year. The mortality of falls is increasing and only one fourth of older adults report their fall to their primary care provider, suggesting that valuable preventative opportunities are missed. A fall prevention intervention initi [...]

Open Access Original Research

Acute Exercise on Reversal Learning

Claire Sanderson, Paul D. Loprinzi
Received: July 15, 2019; Published: October 09, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1904043

Abstract: Objective: Reversal learning requires an individual to alter their behavior when previously learned reward-based contingencies are reversed. Reversal learning is heavily influenced by cognitive flexibility, which has been shown to be enhanced with acute exercise. However, minimal work has directly e [...]

Open Access Review

The Role of Massage in Bereavement: A Scoping Review

Sarah Fogarty, Phillipa Hay
Received: August 06, 2019; Published: October 08, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.icm.1904058

Abstract: Background: Death is a universal human experience. The experience of grief is unique for each person experiencing it. There is emerging research on modalities that provide support for bereaved individuals including bereavement massage. There is limited information in the literature about the speci [...]

Open Access Case Report

The Surgical Approach for Obtaining Abdominal Wall Closure in Renal Transplant Recipients with Temporary or Permanent Loss of Fascial Integrity Following Emergency Reoperative Surgery

Susanna Lam, Jerome M Laurence, Deborah J Verran
Received: July 01, 2019; Published: October 08, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.transplant.1904087

Abstract: A range of corrective surgical procedures may be required in adult renal transplant recipients who sustain loss of integrity of the abdominal wall in the first month postoperatively. Where this involves the fascia, such as in acute fascial dehiscence or in renal allograft compartment syndrome, more [...]

Open Access Review

Aging in A Changing World – the Impact of Social Contact and Physical Activity on Health-Related Quality among Older People from Austria – A Biological Perspective

Sylvia Kirchengast
Received: June 23, 2019; Published: October 08, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.1904077

Abstract: Background: All over the world we are confronted with an absolute and relative increase of the portion of elderly people. In order to develop strategies to keep old aged people healthy and as long as possible independent, analyses of factors influencing health related quality of life (HRQL) during o [...]

Open Access Case Report

Partial Response of Alopecia Areata to Helicobacter Pylori Eradication and Treatment with Low-Dose Naltrexone

Laura Alonso Canal, María José Quiles Blanco, David Jiménez Leiva, María José González Iglesias
Received: June 26, 2019; Published: September 30, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.hg.1903037

Abstract: Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease of unknown origin. It has been proposed that it is a multifactorial disease with genetic, immunological, infectious, circulatory, and psychogenic factors being involved in its etiopathogenesis. Its association with other autoimmune diseases is frequent. The i [...]

Open Access Perspective

Missing the Target to Treat in Crohn’s Disease

Herbert Van Kruiningen
Received: April 05, 2019; Published: September 30, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.hg.1903036

Open Access Concept Paper

The “PRIMING, TIMING, MIMING” Model of Individualized Behavioural Care Planning for Residents with Dementia

Lindy A. Kilik
Received: July 30, 2019; Published: September 29, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.1903076

Abstract: Background: The current paper introduces the “Priming/Timing/Miming” Model of Behavioural Care Planning with persons with Dementia. This simple heuristic provides a quick, easy and systematic way to select from the vast number of behavioural strategies offered in the BPSD literature and to organize [...]

Open Access Review

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: A Tool for Quantifying Neurophysiological Changes in the Brain Following Concussion Injury in Sports

Alan J Pearce
Received: July 05, 2019; Published: September 27, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1903042

Abstract: (1) Background: Sport-related concussion is a growing public health concern. Defined as a functional injury, concussion is characterised by a constellation of signs and symptoms. However, clinical imaging methods do not reveal any structural damage. Recently, neurophysiological techniques such as tr [...]

Open Access Comment

Clinical, Theoretical and Conceptual Issues in Chronic Pain and Their Application in a Hypnosis Practice

Niamh Flynn
Received: July 01, 2019; Published: September 26, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.icm.1903057

Abstract: Hypnosis interventions consistently produce significant decreases in pain associated with a variety of chronic-pain problems (Elkins, Jensen & Patterson 2007) while neurophysiological studies have shown that specific hypnotic suggestions have clear effects on the brain and spinal cord functionin [...]

Open Access Original Research

Treatment of Chronic Post Surgical Pain Using Micro-current Point Stimulation Applied to C-Section Scars

Kelly Armstrong, Raman Gokal, Todd Todorsky
Received: March 25, 2019; Published: September 25, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.icm.1903056

Abstract: Background: Direct Current (DC) microcurrent point stimulation (MPS) is increasingly recognized as a therapy for chronic pain and stress management. However, there remains limited evidence as to the therapeutic value in chronic of MPS chronic post surgical pain (CPSP) management related to C-Sectio [...]

Open Access Perspective

Shedding Light on a New Psychology of Movement and Exercise

Thibault Deschamps
Received: July 24, 2019; Published: September 24, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.icm.1903055

Abstract: Let’s consider the issues of exercise and cognitive function from a different angle, by moving from sitting to standing for instance. Not only does seeing anything from different perspectives reflect our cognitive flexibility [1], it also has a direct impact on the executive performance. Interesting [...]

Open Access Review

Present and Future Strategies with Curative Intent for Hereditary Hemoglobinopathies

Vanessa G. Oliveira, Filipa Saraiva, Fátima Costa, Aida Botelho de Sousa
Received: February 27, 2019; Published: September 23, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.transplant.1903086

Abstract: Nowadays, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a common procedure in Hematology Units within Reference Centres, mainly for the treatment of hematological malignancies such as multiple myeloma, lymphoma and acute leukemia. Nevertheless, HSCT has much wider applications namely in autoimmu [...]

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