OBM Neurobiology is an international peer-reviewed Open Access journal published quarterly online by LIDSEN Publishing Inc. By design, the scope of OBM Neurobiology is broad, so as to reflect the multidisciplinary nature of the field of Neurobiology that interfaces biology with the fundamental and clinical neurosciences. As such, OBM Neurobiology embraces rigorous multidisciplinary investigations into the form and function of neurons and glia that make up the nervous system, either individually or in ensemble, in health or disease. OBM Neurobiology welcomes original contributions that employ a combination of molecular, cellular, systems and behavioral approaches to report novel neuroanatomical, neuropharmacological, neurophysiological and neurobehavioral findings related to the following aspects of the nervous system: Signal Transduction and Neurotransmission; Neural Circuits and Systems Neurobiology; Nervous System Development and Aging; Neurobiology of Nervous System Diseases (e.g., Developmental Brain Disorders; Neurodegenerative Disorders).

OBM Neurobiology publishes research articles, technical reports and invited topical reviews. Although the OBM Neurobiology Editorial Board encourages authors to be succinct, there is no restriction on the length of the papers. Authors should present their results in as much detail as possible, as reviewers are encouraged to emphasize scientific rigor and reproducibility.

Archiving: full-text archived in CLOCKSS.

Rapid publication: manuscripts are undertaken in 7 days from acceptance to publication (average values for papers published in this journal in the first half of 2019, 1-2 days of FREE language polishing time is also included in this period).

Free Publication in 2019

Open Access Research Article

Relationship between Brain Injury and Clinical Biomarkers in Hypoxic-Ischemic Newborn Piglets

Francisco J Alvarez, Antonia A. Alvarez, Hector Lafuente, Daniel Alonso-Alconada, Jose L. Blanco-Bruned, Francisco Santaolalla, Enrique Hilario
Received: June 24, 2019; Published: November 15, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1904045

Abstract: (1) Background: Newborn affected by hypoxic-ischemic brain injury can die and the survivors suffer neurodevelopmental handicaps. Biomarkers are needed to identify the severity of hypoxic-ischemic insult in order to early determine the rescue treatment. The aim of this study was to correlate the path [...]

Open Access Research Article

The Relationship between Sleep Quality and Eating Competence in A Sample of Canadian Post-Secondary Students

E. Papaconstantinou, V. Quick, E. Vogel, S. Coffey
Received: August 09, 2019; Published: October 31, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1904044

Abstract: Background: Post-secondary students are at increased risk for sleep problems and poor eating behaviours that overtime may lead to negative health outcomes later in life. However, limited research has examined associations of sleep quality with eating behaviours and eating competence (e.g., being pos [...]

Open Access Original Research

Acute Exercise on Reversal Learning

Claire Sanderson, Paul D. Loprinzi
Received: July 15, 2019; Published: October 09, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1904043

Abstract: Objective: Reversal learning requires an individual to alter their behavior when previously learned reward-based contingencies are reversed. Reversal learning is heavily influenced by cognitive flexibility, which has been shown to be enhanced with acute exercise. However, minimal work has directly e [...]

Open Access Review

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: A Tool for Quantifying Neurophysiological Changes in the Brain Following Concussion Injury in Sports

Alan J Pearce
Received: July 05, 2019; Published: September 27, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1903042

Abstract: (1) Background: Sport-related concussion is a growing public health concern. Defined as a functional injury, concussion is characterised by a constellation of signs and symptoms. However, clinical imaging methods do not reveal any structural damage. Recently, neurophysiological techniques such as tr [...]

Open Access Research Article

The End Effector of Ischemic Tolerance Present in Blood Plasma from Double Conditioned Donors Ameliorates Trimethyltin Provoked Damage in Brain

Rastislav Burda, Viera Danielisová, Jozef Burda
Received: July 03, 2019; Published: September 20, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1903041

Abstract: Background: Hundreds of experiments have been done to demonstrate robust ischemic tolerance efficiency using mostly young and healthy animals. The translation of these results to usually elderly and sick patients moreover taking many various medicines has to date been disappointing. 3-methyltin poi [...]

Open Access Review

Delaying Dementia: Targeted Brain Delivery Using Lipid Cubic Phases

Joseph S. D'Arrigo
Received: August 22, 2019; Published: September 16, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1903040

Abstract: Microvascular endothelial dysfunction precedes, often by decades, the cognitive decline associated with Alzheimer's disease. Hence, preservation of a healthy cerebrovascular endothelium can be an important therapeutic target. By incorporating appropriate drug(s) into biomimetic (lipid cubic phase) n [...]

Open Access Review

Impact of Case Management on HIV Patients’ Linkage to Care and Their Clinical Outcome: A Systematic Review of Randomized Clinical Trials

Siavash Jafari, Mariko Vaughan, Souzan Baharlou, Pooria Ghadiri, Nazila Hassanabadi, Ashkan Nasr
Received: August 11, 2019; Published: September 09, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1903039

Abstract: Objectives: The purpose of this systematic literature review is to investigate the impact of case management on the link between HIV/AIDS patients (HIV-infected persons) and HIV treatment, and to investigate the impact of case management on their morbidity and mortality. Methods: We searched PubMed [...]

Open Access Review

Hyperglycemia-Induced Brain Injury in Preterm Infants

Katherine Satrom, Tate Gisslen, Raghavendra Rao
Received: May 29, 2019; Published: August 29, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1903038

Abstract: Hyperglycemia soon after birth is common in extremely preterm infants. Hyperglycemia is associated with severe intraventricular hemorrhage and impaired neurodevelopmental outcome in these infants. Recent data in human infants and animal models demonstrate that hyperglycemia leads to decreased white [...]

Open Access Review

Extra Corporeal Life Support in Traumatic Brain Injury Patients

Berta Monleón López, Valentina Della Torre, Federico Bilotta, Rafael Badenes
Received: June 11, 2019; Published: August 22, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1903037

Abstract: Purpose of review: The purpose of this review is to describe recent evidence regarding the use of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) as salvage therapy for severe cardiac or respiratory failure in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) when conventional treatments have failed. The charac [...]

Open Access Original Research

Characterisation of Oxidative Stress, DNA Damage and Inflammation in a Cellular Model of Parkinson’s Disease

Alina Khan, Tengfei Wan, Catherine Hunter, Pavel Schweizer, Abbas Ishaq, Shobha Nagarathanam, Julia Morris, Minyu Chan, Gabriele Saretzki
Received: March 13, 2019; Published: August 01, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1903036

Abstract: Background: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most commonly occurring neurodegenerative disease and is classed as a synucleinopathy due to the critical role of α-synuclein (α-Syn) in its pathology. α-Syn is able to translocate from the cytoplasm to the nucleus and cause DNA damage. Methods: SH- [...]

Open Access Review

The Role of Periostin in Brain Injury Caused by Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Hideki Kanamaru, Fumihiro Kawakita, Reona Asada, Hidenori Suzuki
Received: May 07, 2019; Published: July 29, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1903035

Abstract: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) causes serious brain injury and the mechanisms have not been completely found out yet. The causative factors of brain injury initiated by aneurysm rupture, which is called as early brain injury (EBI), consists of elevated intracranial pressure, cerebral hypo [...]

Open Access Review

Short Sleep in Pupils in Japan: Current Status and Associated Factors

Jun Kohyama
Received: February 21, 2019; Published: July 22, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1903034

Abstract: Background: Japan is the most sleepless nation in the world. This study aimed to understand short sleep pupils in Japan. Since academic performance is known to worsen with sleep problems, self-reported academic performance (s-rAP) was also investigated. Methods: A total of 1766 completed questionna [...]

Open Access Original Research

Melatonin Aggravated Oxaliplatin-Mimicking Sinusoidal Obstruction Syndrome: Role of Platelet Aggregation and Oxidative Stress

Srinivasan Periasamy, Se-Ping Chien, Bing-Fang Lee, Dur-Zong Hsu, Ming-Yie Liu 
Received: March 31, 2019; Published: July 17, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1903033

Abstract: (1) Background: Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome is a liver injury induced either by accidental ingestion of pyrrolizidine alkaloid monocrotaline or by chemotherapeutic drug oxaliplatin used for the treatment of colorectal cancer. Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome is characterized by rounding and swell [...]

Open Access Research Article

Daytime Sleepiness and the Well-Being and Academic Attainment of University Students in the UK

Kate Howells, Andrew P. Smith
Received: April 02, 2019; Published: July 02, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1903032

Abstract: Background: Previous research suggests that insufficient daily sleep has negative effects on both well-being and academic attainment. Much of the research in this field has focused on adolescents and children rather than university students in the UK. Methods: The present study used the Student Well [...]

Open Access Research Article

Autonomic Function Correlates with Microflora Compositions in a Small Cohort of Patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Preliminary Clinical Data and Discussion

Daniel Goyal, Fatma Mansab, James Neil, Jaleel Miyan
Received: March 05, 2019; Published: June 28, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1902031

Abstract: Research into the effects of microflora on health and in disease has increased recently. Such enthusiasm seems well placed. Should the preliminary studies translate through the larger, more powerful studies, the medical community may well have an entirely new platform from which to intervene for h [...]

Open Access Communication

A Neurotransmitter Approach to the Trolley Problem

Daniel Z. Lieberman, Sara Teichholtz, Brenna R. Emery
Received: Feburary 25, 2019; Published: June 28, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1902030

Abstract: Is it ethically permissible to sacrifice the life of one human being in order to save the lives of five others? This question forms the basis of the famous thought experiment called “the trolley problem.” Surveys have found that 90 percent of people agree it is permissible when the victim to be sacr [...]

Open Access Review

Sleep and Help Seeking Behaviours in Australia: A Narrative Review

Kelly P Attard, Robert JT Adams, Andrew Vakulin, Amy C Reynolds
Received: March 22, 2019; Published: June 27, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1902029

Abstract: Inadequate sleep is a largely under recognised problem in Australian communities despite researchers consistently highlighting it as a key component of health and wellbeing. Over a third of Australian adults now experience some form of inadequate sleep, which is strongly linked to a range of accompa [...]

Open Access Case Report

Changes in SPECT Brain Imaging in Pediatric Patients with Suspected Neuroborreliosis: A Series of 6 Cases

Laura Alonso Canal, Cecilia Paredes Mercado, María José Quiles Blanco, Marco Motta Calderón
Received: April 01, 2019; Published: May 14, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1902028

Abstract: Lyme disease is a disease transmitted by ticks with a broad spectrum of comorbidity associated, from purely osteoarticular to neurological, as well as great variability comorbidity depending on the age of the individual. It currently represents an epidemic recognized by the CDC and confers a very i [...]

Open Access Review

Connections between Early-Life Neuroinflammation, Neural Stem Cells and Progenitors and Origins of Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Ekta Kumari, Fernando J. Velloso, Steven W. Levison
Received: February 13, 2019; Published: May 13, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1902027

Abstract: A number of studies have highlighted the connection between infections during pregnancy in mothers and increased risk for neuropsychiatric disorders later in life leading to the view that maternal immune activation is a significant contributor to psychiatric illnesses. Meta-analyses have revealed a [...]

Open Access Review

The Effects of Exercise on Long-Term Potentiation: A Candidate Mechanism of the Exercise-Memory Relationship

Paul D. Loprinzi
Received: March 30, 2019; Published: May 10, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1902026

Abstract: Objective: The objective of this paper was to evaluate the extent to which exercise may influence long-term potentiation (LTP), a key cellular correlate of episodic memory function. Methods: Studies were identified using electronic databases, including PubMed, PsychInfo, Sports Discus and Google Sch [...]

Open Access Editorial

Editorial: “A New Era in Neuro-Oncology”

Antonio Meola
Received: May 05, 2019; Published: May 08, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1902025

Open Access Research Article

Gluten-Free Diet for the Treatment of ADHD; Pilot Study

Laura Alonso Canal, Inmaculada Carreras Sáez, María Concepción Fournier del Castillo, Julia Asensio Antón, Inmaculada de Prada Vicente, Carlos Isasi Zaragoza, Javier Tejada Gallego, María José Martínez Gómez
Received: December 17, 2018; Published: April 03, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1902024

Abstract: Aim: The association between Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and celiac disease has already been established. Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), as well as celiac disease, has been associated with neuro-psychiatric disorders. Our objective is to assess if a proportion of pediatric [...]

Open Access Review

Ischemic Brain Injury and Regulatory T Cells

Minako Ito, Tanakorn Srirat, Toshihiro Nakamura, Kyoko Komai, Akihiko Yoshimura
Received: January 13, 2019; Published: March 27, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1901023

Abstract: Inflammation and immune responses after stroke including ischemic cerebral infarction play pivotal roles in the pathology, resolution of inflammation, and neurological recovery. Regulatory T (Treg) cells are the cells responsible for immune tolerance, usually activated by secondary lymphatic tissues [...]

Open Access Review

Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma: Translation of Genomic Knowledge to Clinical Practice

Tina Zhou, Sara Khan, Ron Firestein, Peter Downie, Jason E Cain
Received: November 29, 2018; Published: March 12, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1901022

Abstract: Pediatric brain tumors account for approximately 25% of all cancers in children and are currently the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the pediatric population with an estimated incidence of 5.14 cases per 100,000 persons [1]. Up to 10-15% of all pediatric brain tumors arise in the brainste [...]

Open Access Review

Sporadic and Hereditary Hemangioblastoma: The Role of Endothelial Cells

Alberto Feletti, Elena Bianchini, Anna De Gaetano, Lara Gibellini, Sara De Biasi, Giacomo Pavesi, Anna Vittoria Mattioli, Milena Nasi, Andrea Cossarizza, Marcello Pinti
Received: November 26, 2018; Published: March 04, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1901021

Abstract: Hemangioblastomas (HBs) are benign, highly vascularized tumors of the central nervous system. About 75% of HBs are sporadic, while 25% are associated with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease. HBs consist of two main components, a rich capillary network composed of vascular endothelia and pericytes, with [...]

OBM Neurobiology welcomes the following types of articles: original research, review, communication, opinion, case report, comment, conference report, technical note, book review, etc. There is no restriction on the length of the papers, color figures, supplementary file types. More details please see Instructions for Authors.

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