Table of Content

Open Access Original Research

“Look, It’s a Dengue Mosquito”: A Qualitative Study on Living Near Open-Air Dumpsites and Vector-Borne Diseases

Received: 11 May 2023;  Published: 30 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2303045


Currently, almost half of the human population is at risk of acquiring dengue. Other emerging pathogens affecting human populations transmitted by Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti are chikungunya and Zika viruses. People who live in poor areas are more susceptible to be infected by these diseases. The lack of selective garbage collection and inadequate water storage are important factors in the dynamics of vector-borne transmission. This study took place in Estrutural City, the poorest city in Brasilia, Brazil, which host [...]

68 587

Open Access Original Research

Calculation Method of the Carbon Footprint of Products of Animal Origin Integrated with the Physiological Absorption of Carbon Dioxide: Calculation Example of the CFP of Mozzarella di Bufala Campana DPO

Received: 03 March 2023;  Published: 15 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2303044


The environmental impact of emissions appears to be increasingly important for food, particularly those of animal origin. The LCA (Life-Cycle Assessment) method, an internationally standardized method used to calculate the environmental impact of goods or services, in the carbon footprint, does not take into account the carbon set and consequently the subtraction of carbon dioxide by the plant biomass whether or not aimed at the production of food of animal origin. This methodology could overestimate the carbon dio [...]

91 1206

Open Access Original Research

Carnauba Straw as Feedstock for Solid Biofuel Production

Received: 29 March 2023;  Published: 09 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2303043


Carnauba straw (Copernicia prunifera), residual biomass derived from wax extraction, was evaluated as a potential feedstock for bioenergy production. The characterization was carried out using elemental analysis, proximate analysis, Higher Heating Value (HHV), FTIR spectroscopy, SEM, and FRX. The carbonization, using a Muffle Furnace, was applied as a thermal conversion technique to improve the fixed carbon content, and preliminary densification was done to assess the potential for future production of briquettes. [...]

61 817

Open Access Research Article

Joint Biodiversity Management Committees: A Mechanism to Manage and Conserve Eco-Regions

Received: 31 January 2023;  Published: 07 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2303042


Sasthamkotta Lake eco-region is a freshwater Ramsar site in Kerala, India. Eco-regions are ecologically and geographically defined larger land or water mass areas with a characteristic assemblage of the ecosystem and significant biodiversity. A decentralized and locally self-sustaining mechanism has been achieved in managing this eco-region by a participatory model through a joint Biodiversity Management Committee (jBMC) constitution. BMCs are custodians of the environment, and biodiversity, confined to a village/P [...]

63 697

Open Access Review

Cyanobacterial Biofuel: A Platform for Green Energy

Received: 18 January 2023;  Published: 03 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2303041


Cyanobacteria have great potential as a platform for biofuel production because of their fast growth, ability to fix CO2 gas, and genetic tractability. They also preserve the sustainability of an ecosystem without harming the environment. High-performance biofuels made from cyanobacteria can be utilized as a base for the production of green energy. Although a lot of studies have been conducted where plants and crops are used as the source of energy, cyanobacteria have been reported to have a more efficient photosyn [...]

106 1036

Open Access Review

Fuel-Briquetting for Sustainable Development in Developing Countries-A Review

Received: 20 October 2022;  Published: 28 July 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2303040


This review covered recent research products on fuel-briquette with emphasis on its production technologies and physical characteristics involving shapes, volumes, resiliencies, and mechanical compressive strengths; combustion properties such as high heating values, volatile matters, moisture contents, ash contents and fixed carbon; chemical analyses for the content of components such as nitrogen, hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen and carbon; emission characterization such as and economic potentials. This review provides op [...]

79 1019

Open Access Review

Photocatalytic Degradation of Microplastics: Parameters Affecting Degradation

Received: 19 February 2023;  Published: 20 July 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2303039


Recently, microplastics have emerged as a major environmental pollutant and have been documented globally. Several studies have shown that microplastics can accumulate heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants as they pass through the environment due to their functional groups interacting with and complex these substances. While conventional wastewater treatment methods can reduce a significant amount of microplastics, many still make their way into rivers and oceans worldwide from their effluents. One of the [...]

124 1284

Open Access Original Research

Geochemical Assessment of the Modern Sediments of a Lake in the North of Russia

Received: 09 March 2023;  Published: 05 July 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2303038


Core sediment (sapropel) samples were collected from Lake Okunozero, the Republic of Karelia, Russia, to assess the distribution of heavy metals and their main fractions, probable sources of pollution, and potential ecological and toxicological risks for the water body. Heavy metal concentrations were measured by the mass spectrometry method using an XSeries-2 ICP-MS. The sequential extraction of heavy metals from sapropel samples was performed using the scheme of Tessier. According to the Russian Interstate Standa [...]

61 1062

Open Access Concept Paper

Wave Age and Steepness Relation in Growing Wind Seas: A Case Study during Hurricane Matthew in 2016

Received: 12 March 2023;  Published: 20 June 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2302037


For wind-wave interaction studies, from the literature, two criteria for the wind sea are used: one is the wave age and the other wave steepness. Analysis of pertinent datasets from a data buoy near the passage of Hurricane Matthew in 2016 indicates that = -15 + 1.3. Here is the wave age and is the wave steepness, where Cp is the phase speed of the peak wave, U10 is the wind speed at 10 m, Hs is the significant wave height, and Lp is the peak or dominant wave length. It is found that 87% of the variation betw [...]

80 1263

Open Access Review

Environmental Land Management and Assessment, in the Context of Resource and Climate-Related Conflict

Received: 23 November 2022;  Published: 12 June 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2302036


This paper reviews the growing importance of satellite imagery to provide Normalized Difference Vegetative Index (NDVI) maps, relevant to environmental land management assessment, in the context of resource and climate-related conflict based upon our own humanitarian project-related support. Near real-time space-based monitoring benefits land assessment, human rights observers, and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), in the presence of unstable regimes or socio-economic upheaval. Access to areas to validate clai [...]

65 1149