Open Access Case Report

Sun Safety Struggles Among Children with Xeroderma Pigmentosum in a Tropical Low-Income Country

Received: 05 February 2024;  Published: 19 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402229


Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare genodermatosis characterized by increased sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation, leading to severe skin manifestations and a higher risk of early-onset malignancies. Previous studies from temperate climate countries with sound economic levels showed adequate photoprotection compliance among pediatric XP patients. [...]

Open Access Original Research

Coliform Bacteria Contamination of Water Resources and Implications on Public Health in Fako Division, South West Region, Cameroon

Received: 03 March 2024;  Published: 19 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2402010


Bacteriological contamination of water sources, often due to improper handling of human waste, poses significant public health risks. This study investigates coliform bacteria contamination in water sources across the Fako Division of Cameroon. Twenty water samples were collected from various sources, including streams, community water, springs, borehol [...]

Open Access Short Communication

Home-Based Appetite-Guided Weaning of Enteral Nutrition of Infants with Congenital Heart Disease: A Preliminary Clinical Observation

Received: 13 January 2024;  Published: 19 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/rpn.2402007


Infants with a critical congenital heart defect are at high-risk for feeding difficulties, often necessitating feeding tube placement. Enteral nutrition (EN) support is initiated to meet nutritional requirements and promote growth pre- and post-operatively. Tube-fed infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) who achieve stable health status post-operat [...]

Open Access Review

Newborn Screening for Neuromuscular Disorders, Disorders of Glycogen Metabolism, and Fatty Acid Oxidation

Received: 08 February 2024;  Published: 18 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402228


Newborn screening for neuromuscular disorders and glycogen or fatty acid oxidation disorders aims to identify infants at risk for these conditions, allowing for early intervention and management. While not all neuromuscular disorders currently have established newborn screening programs, there are various disorders for which screening is available or [...]

Open Access Research Article

Characteristics of Elder Abuse Perpetrators by Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity of the Abused: Findings from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging

Received: 20 December 2023;  Published: 16 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2402278


Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) older adults may be more vulnerable to elder abuse (EA) due to prior marginalization and trauma, lifelong discrimination, and health disparities. While characteristics of both victims and perpetrators can modify the risk for EA, few studies have focused on perpetrators. This study examined the number and type of perpetra [...]

Open Access Original Research

A Comprehensive in Silico Analysis of the Functional and Structural Consequences of the Deleterious Missense Nonsynonymous SNPs in Human GABRA6 Gene

Received: 20 December 2023;  Published: 15 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402227


Epilepsy, a prevalent neurological disorder, affects more than 50 million individuals worldwide and is characterized by recurring seizures. Nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) found within coding regions of epilepsy-related genes are believed to have significant impacts on protein function. This is due to their tendency to cause mutat [...]

Open Access Original Research

Dietary Fiber in Preventing Non-Communicable Diseases: Predicting Prevented Deaths and Economic Impact through the Use of Algae as a Fiber Source

Received: 30 August 2023;  Published: 15 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/rpn.2402006


Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are responsible for two-thirds of premature deaths in Europe. This added to the European socio-economic scenario already weakened by the vital aging of the population, contributes to the loss of active individuals, weakening competitiveness and social and economic sustainability, thus making the prevention of NCDs a [...]

Open Access Perspective

Whisker Bond: From Findings to Concept in Refractories

Received: 12 January 2024;  Published: 12 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/rpm.2402010


Ceramic bonds are conventionally formed during the burning of refractory bricks and by using pre-fabricated blocks or monolithic lining, which is characterized as the coalescence of the particles by liquid sintering. However, the whisker bond was discovered with the outstanding performance of unburnt periclase–spinel–Al bricks while substituting [...]

Open Access Original Research

Chest CT Scan Features of COVID-19 in a Hospitalized High-Altitude Population

Received: 30 November 2022;  Published: 12 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402226


There is a lack of knowledge regarding the type of lung compromise in high-altitude residents with COVID-19. This study aims to evaluate the lung compromise in chest CT scans of high-altitude dwellers hospitalized with COVID-19. Retrospective study that took place in "Daniel Alcides Carrión" Regional Hospital, located 3,250 meters above sea level in [...]

Open Access Original Research

Compassionate Love for a Romantic Partner among Brazilian College Students

Received: 08 February 2024;  Published: 12 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402217


Compassionate love (CL) is a recent subject of close relationships. CL is focused on enlarging beneficence to another. The present study approaches the test of the psychometric characteristics of the shortened form of the Compassionate Love Scale for a partner (CLS-P-SF) for Brazilian college students and its relationships with background and well-being [...]

Open Access Review

Thrombotic Microangiopathy in Solid Organ Transplantation

Received: 31 January 2024;  Published: 10 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.2402211


Thrombotic Microangiopathy (TMA) is a syndrome characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) and thrombocytopenia. The presence of schistocytes on peripheral smear, a negative Coombs test, elevated lactate dehydrogenase, increased reticulocyte count and low haptoglobin are often the clues for MAHA. The microvascular process often targets [...]

Open Access Original Research

Attitudes and Motivations Towards Implantation of Intention Towards Exercise among Entrepreneurs: A Brain Freshness Activity

Received: 19 October 2023;  Published: 10 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402216


In the contemporary landscape, developing individuals' attitudes, motivations, and intentions toward exercise and physical activities emerges as an imperative cornerstone for fostering a healthy and thriving lifestyle. The present study examines the effect of the theory of the planned behavior (TPB) constructs on exercise motivation (MT) and intention [...]

Open Access Review

Allelic Variation of High-Molecular-Weight Glutenin Genes in Triticum Species and Triticale (× Triticosecale Wittmack)

Received: 27 February 2024;  Published: 09 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402225


High-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) encoded by alleles at the Glu-A1, Glu-B1, and Glu-D1 loci confer unique bread-making properties of common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The identification of HMW-GS is the prerequisite for pyramiding high-quality glutenin genes. The present review is designed to list all published HMW-GS alleles in Tritic [...]

Open Access Book Review

Book Review: Small Supernumerary Marker Chromosomes. Basics

Received: 21 February 2024;  Published: 09 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402224


This review provides a critical assessment of the content and structure of the recently published book by Dr. Thomas Liehr, 'Small Supernumerary Marker Chromosomes: Basics.'

Open Access Review

Osteoporosis Etiology, Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Diet, and Treatment: A Narrative Review

Received: 26 December 2022;  Published: 09 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2402277


This narrative review aimed to select, gather, and present inclusive evidence about osteoporosis etiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, diet, and treatment. We searched PubMed and Google using these terms: osteoporosis AND etiology, osteoporosis AND epidemiology, osteoporosis AND diagnosis, osteoporosis AND diet, and osteoporosis AND treatment. Each title [...]

Open Access Editorial

Solid Catalysts – New Perspectives and Applications

Received: 31 March 2024;  Published: 09 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/cr.2402004

Open Access Review

Andropause: A Neglected Disease Entity

Received: 11 January 2024;  Published: 03 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2402276


This review aims to bring attention to the growing issue of andropause, a condition that affects men as they age. The literature was identified by searching the major bibliographic databases, including PubMed, Google Scholar, EBSCOhost, Web of Science, and CINAHL. Studies were included if they focused on strategies for reducing and preventing andropause [...]

Open Access Review

“Guess Who?” in the Creation of Hazardous and Non-Hazardous Diets through History

Received: 17 November 2023;  Published: 03 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/rpn.2402005


The relationship between obesity and weight loss treatments has run parallel throughout history; however, not all diets are suitable for improving one’s health. This review aims to categorize diets according to the new classification of hazardous diets established in 2021. A search was conducted across grey, white, and black literature. The results [...]

Open Access Review

Review on the Development of Titanium Diboride Ceramics

Received: 02 January 2024;  Published: 03 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/rpm.2402009


Titanium diboride (TiB2) materials have garnered significant attention due to their remarkable comprehensive properties. They offer potential applications in high-temperature structural materials, cutting tools, armor, electrodes for metal smelting, and wear-resistant parts. However, due to the low self-diffusion coefficient, the TiB2 exhibits poor [...]

Open Access Perspective

Leveraging Existing Abilities in Dementia (LEAD™): Changing the Way Rehabilitation Professionals Care for Persons Living with Dementia

Received: 08 December 2023;  Published: 03 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2402275


Latest estimates indicate that 5-7% of the population are living with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias worldwide with a doubling in incidence expected every 20 years. Rehabilitation professionals are challenged with the complex needs of these patients. It is commonly thought that patients with dementia do not benefit from rehabilitation becau [...]

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