Open Access Review

The Potential Role of Commensal Microbes in Optimizing Nutrition Care Delivery and Nutrient Metabolism

Received: 20 December 2021;  Published: 26 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/rpn.2202014


Microbes have been part of the diet throughout human history. In the evolution of food preservation practices, some techniques inadvertently leveraged microbial activity not only to extend the storage life but also to enhance the properties and nutritive value of foods. In the last century, a variety of bacterial species (referred to as probiotics) [...]

Open Access Research Article

Analysis of Correlations for the Prediction of the Entrainment Fraction of Droplets in Gas-liquid Annular Flows

Received: 14 February 2022;  Published: 24 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/jept.2202019


In gas-liquid flows, droplets that detach from the liquid film lining the internal walls of a pipe and merge with the gas flowing through the pipe follow an annular flow pattern. This work analyzes correlations for estimating the entrainment fraction of such droplets contained in the literature by comparing their predictions with experimental data also [...]

Open Access Review

Mechanisms and Approaches for Salt Tolerance in Turmeric: A Breeding Perspective

Received: 22 March 2022;  Published: 23 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2202154


India is home to several medicinal herbs including turmeric. Turmeric is one of the major produces of India, primarily due to its unique and valuable medicinal and therapeutic properties. However, the growth and yield of turmeric are greatly affected by salt stress in certain parts of the country, especially those near water bodies where significant [...]

Open Access Original Research

Non-Newtonian Flow in Bifurcated Piping and Arterial Networks

Received: 12 February 2022;  Published: 23 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/jept.2202018


Flows in multi-branch piping systems are modeled for linear Newtonian and nonlinear Power Law, Bingham Plastic and Herschel-Bulkley fluids. The nonlinear models are often used to describe multiphase fluids consisting of liquid and solid phases, including cement slurries and drilling muds in petroleum engineering. Rheological and heterogeneous multiphase [...]

Open Access Case Report

Use of Measuring Creatinine Kinase in Detection of Emerging Catatonia: Literature Review and Case Series Report

Received: 02 March 2022;  Published: 23 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2202123


Catatonia, particularly malignant catatonia (MC), continues to manifest in severe sequalae such as hyperthermia, rhabdomyolysis, cardiovascular collapse and failure, and even death as, although identification of the syndrome has significantly improved once its developed, several precarious factors continue to inhibit prompt and efficacious treatment [...]

Open Access Original Research

Non-Woven Tissues as Novel Cosmetic Carriers for a Green Beauty

Received: 16 March 2022;  Published: 23 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2202021


Approximately 75% of textile waste is generated annually worldwide, as there is a dearth of viable recycling strategies. It has been estimated that textile industries can be responsible for approximately 20% of global water pollution. As a consequence, if not properly managed, the cost of waste management of textile waste will be trillions of dollars [...]

Open Access Original Research

Role of Point of Zero Charge in the Adsorption of Cationic Textile Dye on Standard Biochars from Aqueous Solutions: Selection Criteria and Performance Assessment

Received: 19 April 2022;  Published: 19 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/rpm.2202010


The point of zero charge (PZC) is an inherent electrokinetic property of biochars (BC). It influences the adsorption process under certain pH conditions. Herein, we report the method of determination of the PZC values of ten standard BCs. We used the salt addition method to select the BCs with suitable properties for methylene blue (MB) removal from [...]

Open Access Review

Omega-3 Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in the Elderly: A Review

Received: 28 February 2022;  Published: 19 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2202198


The omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 LC-PUFAs) family includes eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA). Although seafood is the richest source of omega-3 LC-PUFAs, because diet alone is often insufficient in older people, they may require food supplements and enriched food as source [...]

Open Access Interview

An Interview with Prof. Peter Schemmer

Received: 16 May 2022;  Published: 18 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.2202159


InterviewAn Interview with Prof. Peter SchemmerOBM Transplantation Editorial OfficeLIDSEN Publishing Inc., 2000 Auburn Drive, One Chagrin Highlands, Suite 200, Beachwood, OH, USA; E-Mail: OBM Transplantation2022, volume 6, issue 2doi:10.21926/obm.transplant.2202159Received: May 16, 2022Accepted: May 17, 2022Published: May [...]

Open Access Case Report

A Case Study on the Development of Math Competence in an Eight-year-old Child with Dyscalculia: Shared Intentionality in Human-Computer Interaction for Online Treatment Via Subitizing

Received: 24 January 2022;  Published: 18 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2202122


Studies in the field of neuroscience have shown that the neural network responsible for numeracy overlaps with the visual and spatial processing regions. Other studies in psychology also highlighted an association of visual-spatial processing with mathematical competence at the early stages of development. These findings suggest that research on the [...]

Open Access Review

Take a Seat for Yoga with Seniors: A Scoping Review

Received: 07 October 2021;  Published: 16 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2202197


Chair yoga is a specific form of yoga practiced while seated on a chair, or standing using a chair for support; this adaptation allows those with impaired standing ability to practice safely. The purpose of this scoping review was to analyze the published literature regarding the use of chair/adapted yoga with older adults. Two researchers performed [...]

Open Access Original Research

Visible-Light-Induced Formation of Aromatic Ketones: A Metal-Free C−H Oxygenation Process in Air under Room Temperature

Received: 01 April 2022;  Published: 10 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/cr.2202014


The process of light-induced C-H oxygenation is of high interest as it can be used for the construction of oxygenated compounds. Herein, we report a mild and general method for the efficient synthesis of aromatic ketones following the process of metal-free C-H oxygenation. With air as the oxidant, high functional tolerance was demonstrated, and the [...]

Open Access Review

Lipases: Sources of Acquisition, Ways of Production, and Recent Applications

Received: 16 February 2022;  Published: 07 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/cr.2202013


Enzymes are extensively used in biotechnological processes in several areas of industry. They are sustainable and safe, and their specificity is another characteristic that improves the performance in the process. Among enzymes, lipase is relevant due to the ability to play different roles in the industry and the possibility of collecting them from [...]

Open Access Opinion

Experience with Active Learning: The Charleston, SC, USA Urban Heat Island Effect

Received: 11 February 2022;  Published: 07 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2202020


The urban heat island (UHI) effect is not well understood, especially within the cityscape. This editorial is from the perspective of an undergraduate student Cadet Emma Larsen, as she comes to understand the UHI through mentorship from professors Simon Ghanat and Scott Curtis, personal experiences as a cadet at a military academy in Charleston, SC [...]

Open Access Original Research

From Managing People to Managing Emissions: How Leading Human Resources Firms are Minimising Their Carbon Footprint

Received: 10 January 2022;  Published: 06 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2202019


One of the biggest challenges currently presented to organisations worldwide is their ability to identify and sustainably manage greenhouse gas emissions. ‘Carbon management’, as it is referred to, is the process of understanding how and where an organisation’s activities generate emissions, and extends beyond meeting regulation requirements to [...]

Open Access Original Research

Integrating Mindfulness Practice in Cognitive Behavioral Hypnotic Psychotherapy

Received: 28 January 2022;  Published: 06 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2202021


After the emergence of Mindfulness in the Western world, many studies proved its mental and physical benefits. However, implementing Mindfulness in psychotherapy has several challenges: therapists are not formal Mindfulness instructors; the Mindfulness course is a continuous eight-week course, which many patients do not attend during therapy, while [...]

Open Access Original Research

A Large Eddy Simulation Study of Cyclones: The Effects of Interparticle Collisions on Erosion Prediction

Received: 31 January 2022;  Published: 06 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/jept.2202017


Cyclone separators are widely used in fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) units due to their lack of moving parts and relatively low-pressure drop. However, cyclone separators are prone to erosion-related issues, which is a major drawback. In this paper, a large eddy simulation (LES) of the particle-gas flow in a cyclone separator is investigated using a [...]

Open Access Original Research

Achieving Net Zero Through a Multi-Dimensional Approach to Carbon Management in Mining and Metals Processing–A Case Study of Rio Tinto

Received: 24 January 2022;  Published: 05 May 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2202018


The earth’s climate is warming, increasingly straining the Earth’s human and environmental systems. Organisations are increasingly committing to net zero emissions by mid-Century to set and communicate their ambition to limit global warming to the peak temperature goals of the Paris Agreement. However, for many companies, the pathway to delivering [...]

Open Access Research Article

Restoration of Reservoir Caprock: Long-Term Wellbore Sealing and Abandonment through Zeolite Enhanced Cement

Received: 21 March 2022;  Published: 29 April 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2202017


Oil and gas wellbores that are drilled into the earth’s crust need to be plugged and abandoned, to restore the geological seals once they are no longer producing. The main aim of Plugging and abandonment (P&A) is to ensure that there is no leakage of hydrocarbons into the environment. Since offshore P&A is challenging due to subsurface temperature [...]

Open Access Research Article

4D Printed Shape Memory Polymers: Morphology and Fabrication of a Functional Antenna

Received: 17 February 2022;  Published: 29 April 2022;  doi: 10.21926/rpm.2202009


Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are smart materials that can respond to certain thermal, chemical or electrical stimuli by inducing a structural conformation change into a temporary shape. In this work, a 3D printing process based on a Vat Photo-polymerization of a shape memory polymer (SMP) was investigated to produce customized smart and complex morphabl [...]

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Focus on Special Issue

Guest Editors: Ugochukwu N. Ikeogu

Deadline: November 30, 2020 (Open)

Guest Editor: Joep Geraedts

Deadline: April 1, 2019 (Open)

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Deadline: Mar 1, 2022(Open)

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Guest Editors: Roberto Cannataro, Diego A Bonilla and Jorge L. Petro

Deadline: December 22, 2020 (Open)

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Deadline: March 30, 2021 (Open)

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