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The Impacts of Global Warming and Urbanization on the Extremes of Weather and Climate
Submission Deadline: March 31, 2024 (Open) Submit Now
Gemechu Fanta Garuma, PhD, Assistant professor
Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Chris G. Tzanis, PhD
Section of Environmental Physics and Meteorology, Department of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, University Campus, 157 84 Athens, Greece
Research Interests: Climate dynamics; Climate physics; Climate change and variability; Aerosols; Ambient air quality; Ozone-climate interactions; Atmospheric physics and chemistry; Nonlinear processes; Artificial intelligence and machine learning; Remote sensing
About This Topic
Two of the most pressing environmental challenges of our time are global warming and urbanization induced extremes of weather and climate. The most important and pressing impacts of global warming and urbanization are: increased frequency and intensity of heat waves, precipitation leading to floods, shifting of the seasons, droughts and sea level rise. The impacts of global warming and urbanization on the extremes of weather and climate are a serious threat to human health and well-being.
The warming of the Earth as a result of high greenhouse gas emission into the atmosphere is projected to continue in the future. As the planet warms, it is expected that the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events will increase. Similarly, urbanization is expected to increase in the future. This creates even a much warmer urban environment due to the absorption of heat by buildings, roads and other impervious infrastructures in the cities. The combined effects of global warming and urbanization are expected to have a significant impact on the extremes of weather and climate. There have been many studies that investigated the synergy between past heat waves and urban heat islands. But the link between global warming induced extremes of weather and climate such as droughts, floods and storms and the urbanization induced impacts such as urban heat islands, extremes of precipitation in the downwind part of the cities and their combined effect on the seasonal shifts, is not well understood.
Identifying the combined impacts of urbanization and global warming on the extremes of weather and climate is not sufficient. It is important to identify steps to mitigate and adapt to its impacts, especially in urban areas. This includes reducing greenhouse gas emissions, improving energy efficiency, and investing in infrastructure that can withstand extreme weather events.
This special issue therefore calls for papers that investigate the combined effects of urbanization and global warming induced extremes of weather and climate at different scales, that is from seasonal, decadal to end of the century projections. Research outputs focusing on current weather and climate to understand key processes deriving climate variability and predictability incorporating the impacts of urbanization and global warming are also entertained.
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