Table of Content

Open Access Technical Note

Integrating Compassion into EMDR for PTSD

Received: 15 August 2023;  Published: 30 November 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2304058


Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often involves feeling-states of shame and self-loathing. Traditional exposure-based treatments, which are effective for fear-based PTSD, are sometimes limited in effectiveness when working with these emotional experiences: clients with high levels of shame, guilt, or disgust may experience ‘blocks’ in processing when attempting eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). Developed to help people who suffer from pervasive shame and self-attack, compassion focused ther [...]

107 820

Open Access Original Research

Creating through COVID-19 - An Art-Based Autoethnographic Account

Received: 09 November 2023;  Published: 29 November 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2304057


The experience of painting during the COVID-19 period initiated this art-based autoethnographic account. The pandemic affected various fields of life; the discussion is thus pursued from a few interrelated points of view: of an individual coping with the COVID-19 crisis on a personal level, of a painter, of an art therapist, of an art therapy lecturer and supervisor, and an artist involved in community interventions. Artmaking and viewing artworks can enhance communication with the beholder and encourage others to [...]

34 313

Open Access Concept Paper

Theory and Interpersonal Processes in Compassion Focused Therapy

Received: 20 August 2023;  Published: 29 November 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2304056


This paper reviews key theories underlying the interpersonal process in Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT) and links these to purported mechanisms of action in CFT. The paper goes on to provide a concrete practice example of an exampled dialogue between a clinician and client and narrates the interpersonal processes and mechanisms of action in an attempt to elucidate how interpersonal processes can be leveraged to facilitate therapeutic change. In so doing, this paper seeks to advance scholarship on precise mechanism [...]

149 859

Open Access Research Article

Start Early: Providing Trauma-Informed, Systems-Focused Professional Development in Early Childhood Development and Learning Contexts

Received: 21 March 2023;  Published: 21 November 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2304055


Adverse and traumatic childhood experiences can have profound negative health and mental health consequences across the lifespan. Prevention and early intervention strategies to mitigate such impacts and foster resilience are essential, yet extant approaches often do not consider the systemic nature of trauma exposure, particularly among communities most impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and historic disinvestment. Addressing the impacts of trauma early in life is critical in order to mitigate their long-term effec [...]

94 604

Open Access Editorial

‘Digital Chinese Medicine (DCM)’: From Acupuncture to Algorithms and the Digital Transformation of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)

Received: 19 November 2023;  Published: 20 November 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2304054


In today's high-tech-driven times, traditional ways are getting a digital upgrade, and Chinese medicine is part of this change. Mixing ancient healing know-how with modern high technology has created digital Chinese medicine (DCM). It could change healthcare worldwide. This editorial aims to explore this new area and look at its possibilities, challenges, and how it might affect healthcare in the future. It lists some essential topics that need to be considered in the future within the digital transformation of Chi [...]

67 490

Open Access Concept Paper

Empowering Patients, Enriching Outcomes: An Integrative and Occupational Approach to Addressing Chronic Pain in Primary Care

Received: 26 July 2023;  Published: 20 November 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2304053


Concept PaperEmpowering Patients, Enriching Outcomes: An Integrative and Occupational Approach to Addressing Chronic Pain in Primary CareKazandra Lopez Hernandez *, John V. Rider School of Occupational Therapy, Touro University Nevada, 874 American Pacific Dr., Henderson, NV, USA; E-Mails:;* Correspondence: Kazandra Lopez Hernandez; E-Mail: Academic Editor: Enrica SantarcangeloSpecial Issue: Occupational Therapy Interventions for t [...]

116 633

Open Access Concept Paper

An Exploration of Compassion Focused Therapy for Grieving Individuals

Received: 26 August 2023;  Published: 16 November 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2304052


In the past several decades, new understandings about grief have emerged. In the same time frame, a substantial body of literature has explored the components of compassion and their potential application to various clinical contexts. Compassion evolved from caring motivation associated with the evolutionary challenges of reproduction that involved the necessary care for offspring. Grief also has an evolutionary background that is rooted in core aspects of attachment and the assumptive world construct. Compassion F [...]

177 2689

Open Access Original Research

Nutritional Counseling Improves the Nutritional Status, Liver Function, and Serum Electrolytes of Patients with Liver Transplantation

Received: 31 May 2023;  Published: 15 November 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2304051


Nutrition counseling may assist liver transplant patients in controlling weight gain, addressing micronutrient deficiencies, and maintaining metabolic status. This study aimed to determine the effect of nutritional counseling on nutritional status, liver profile, and serum electrolytes of liver transplant patients. In this case-control study, 100 patients were recruited from Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, who were potential liver transplant candidates. They were divided into two groups: a case group, who [...]

82 494

Open Access Original Research

Nature Connection, Mindfulness, and Wellbeing: A Network Analysis

Received: 15 September 2022;  Published: 06 November 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2304050


Relationships between nature connection, mindfulness and wellbeing have been observed through nature based therapeutic interventions, where mindfulness and nature appear to reciprocally influence each other in relation to wellbeing and is potentially consistent with attention restoration theory. However, previous studies have relied on examining nature based interventions rather than the role of nature connection in everyday lives. This investigation explored the relationship between nature connection, mindfulness, [...]

149 853

Open Access Research Article

Possibilities of Predicting a Person's Substance Use Behaviour and Mental Health Through Social Media in a COVID-19 Crisis Context

Received: 18 July 2023;  Published: 01 November 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2304049


The negative psychological consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and the forced isolation of a large proportion of people worldwide have demonstrated the need to develop ways and technologies to reduce the effects of sudden threats of this type. The basis of any practical work to minimize the negative psychological consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic associated with substance use is the monitoring and diagnosis of the psychological resources of the individual. The article aims to show the possibilities of predict [...]

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