Open Access Original Research

Urban Air Pollution and Emergency Department Visits for Cardiac and Respiratory Diseases

Received: 18 September 2021;  Published: 11 February 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2201005


Air pollution affects various aspects of human health. Here, the associations between the number of emergency department visits for circulatory and respiratory problems and ambient air pollution in Toronto, Canada, in the period between April 2004 and December 2015 were studied. The health data were linked with urban air pollution [...]