Advances in Environmental and Engineering Research (AEER) is an international peer-reviewed Open Access journal published quarterly online by LIDSEN Publishing Inc. This periodical is devoted to publishing high-quality peer-reviewed papers that describe the most significant and cutting-edge research in all areas of environmental science and engineering. Work at any scale, from molecular biology through to ecology, is welcomed.
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Ocean Warming and Acidification
Submission Deadline: March 01, 2022 (Open) Submit Now
Chen-Tung Arthur Chen, PhD
Distinguished Chair Research Professor, Department of Oceanography, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Research interest: Nutrients and carbon cycle; ocean acidification (including hydrothermal, vents and heavy metals); global change (including paleo studies); rivers; climate change; geochemistry; environment; biogeochemistry; lakes; sediments; environmental impact assessment; water quality
About This Topic
The surface ocean absorbs heat and anthropogenic carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, thus warming the surface water and making it more acidified. Increasing temperature and acidity affect ocean biogeochemistry and alter the ecosystem. Since the warmer surface layer leads to lighter water which caps the global oceans it has previously been assumed that ocean warming and acidification do not affect the deep oceans. Yet, it has been shown recently that the deep Sea of Japan has surprisingly acidified faster than the surface ocean. This is because global warming has warmed the surface water in the Sea of Japan sufficiently to diminish its ventilation. As a result, the deep waters are stagnated, resulting in eutrophication which increases the acidity. Another issue relates to estuaries and bays which tend to warm faster than open oceans. The more stable water column in these coastal areas often results in slower ventilation of bottom waters. Compounded with the increased land discharge of organic matter eutrophication of coastal waters has become a global problem. As eutrophication not only leads to deoxygenation but also increased acidity, coastal waters are facing acidification also unrelated to anthropogenic carbon dioxide. The global oceans could follow suit which would cause havoc to bottom-dwelling organisms with a source of carbon dioxide unrelated to fossil fuel burning or clearing of forests. The special issue welcomes original research, reviews, technical notes, and communications related to ocean warming and acidification, the intricate interrelation among different driving forces, and the consequences. Manuscripts should be submitted before 1 March 2022.
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