Table of Contents

Open Access

ISSN 2577-5790

OBM Genetics , Volume 4 , Issue 3 (2020)

Pages: 102

Published: September 2020

(This book is a printed edition that was published in OBM Genetics)

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Format: Soft Cover


Cover Story:The art of genome editing typically simulates film editing, where precise cuts are introduced in the film sequence to remove unwanted frames/clips or insert new ones, followed by end joining to create the desired edit. Likewise, genome editing is performed by accurately cutting DNA sequences using engineered site-specific nucleases to generate double-stranded breaks in the target sequence in a highly specific manner. Depending on the type of system used, the generated ends are then repaired and joined in a non-homologous fashion to create out-of- frame mutations, or by inserting or replacing a DNA clip through homologous recombination, thereby adding or deleting certain genetic information, resulting in the expression of the desired changes. View this paper.

Volume 4,Issue 3

Open Access Review

Oncogenes Orchestrate Immunosuppressive Stroma in Gastric Adenocarcinoma

Received: 30 June 2020;  Published: 16 September 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2003116


Gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) is among the three most common cancers in the world. The majority of GAC patients are diagnosed in an advanced stage and have a median survival of ~9 months. There are limited effective therapeutic strategies available in the clinic and currently U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved immune therapy is programmed death-1 (PD-1) antibodies (e.g. pembrolizumab) but only a few patients seem to benefit. Transformation to cancer occurs when multiple genes and ce [...]

Open Access Opinion

Breeding “CRISPR” Crops1

Received: 21 April 2020;  Published: 13 August 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2003115


The challenges which face the world today can be summed up in a few words: An increasingly congested world with dwindling areas of viable cultivated land and accelerating climate instability. The combined effect of these realities, together with the trend of striving to extend the average human life, puts the world on the path toward future catastrophe. This situation makes it imperative to seek realistic and practical solutions, which must be able to address food shortages and climate problems [...]

Open Access Review

Detection of Circulating Tumor DNA in Solid Tumors

Received: 27 May 2020;  Published: 06 August 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2003114


Cancer is characterized by sequential and progressive genetic and epigenetic alterations in key proto-oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, which ultimately lead to tumor development. Advances in the technology of analysis of molecular mechanisms have increased the efficiency of clinical management of cancer patients. Recent years have witnessed a progressive development in technologies that enable the detection of specific molecular abnormalities associated with various types of solid tumors in [...]

Open Access Review

“Evolution” of Embryogenesis: Complexity of the Early Developmental Stages in the Animal Kingdom

Received: 16 March 2020;  Published: 02 July 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2003113


Multicellularity has gained the advantage over the unicellular world by expanding the number of increasingly more complex tissues that achieve advanced and specific functions. This same event gave rise to the most evolved group of organisms, namely mammals. Even though the complexity of multicellular organisms does not necessarily provide them with excellent adaptation modes performed by unicellular and prokaryotic organisms, this complexity per se stands as one of the greatest phenomena in biol [...]