Table of Contents

Open Access

ISSN 2638-1311

OBM Geriatrics , Volume 7 , Issue 3 (2023)

Pages: 141

Published: November 2023

(This book is a printed edition that was published in OBM Geriatrics)

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Cover story:Malnutrition is a widespread issue impacting older adult health and healthcare costs, but often goes undetected in hospital settings. There’s an opportunity to address malnutrition through state hospital regulations. A review of state hospital regulations found just 2 states explicitly mentioned malnutrition in a Nutrition Care Process section—Nevada and Colorado. View this paper.

Volume 7,Issue 3

Open Access Review

Heart Failure in Elderly People: From Pathophysiology to Diagnosis and Management

Received: 05 March 2023;  Published: 19 September 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2303250


As the older population increases, there is an increase in age-related chronic diseases, especially heart failure. It affects 25% of over 75-year-old outpatients and represents the leading cause of hospitalization and death in older people. This review aimed to point out the main characteristics concerning heart failure in older people, taking into account clinical symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. An extensive search on heart failu [...]

Open Access Short Communication

Redefining Hypotension in Older Adults: Implications for the Prevention of Age Related Cognitive Decline

Received: 24 April 2023;  Published: 18 September 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2303249


Chronically low blood pressure in older adults is associated with significantly increased long-term risks of dementia and all-cause mortality risk. Yet low blood pressure is generally not treated until an individual begins to experience the acute symptoms arising from very low cerebral perfusion. However, these acute symptoms, such as dizziness, balance difficulty, syncope, increased fall occurrence, vision impairment, and nausea, begin to occur only at very low blood pressure levels, such that [...]

Open Access Editorial

Treatments and Management of Menopausal Symptoms: Current Status and Future Challenges

Received: 31 August 2023;  Published: 13 September 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2303248


In the United States (US), menopause occurs at an average age of 52. Menopausal symptoms tend to be maximal during the few years before and the year after menopause (during perimenopause), except for symptomatic vulvovaginal atrophy, which may worsen over time. Up to 20% of bone density loss occurs during the first 5 years after menopause, followed by an age-related bone loss rate similar to that in men. Menopause should be considered confirmed if an age-appropriate woman who is not pregnant has [...]

Open Access Opinion

Life-Changing Bubbles: A Simple Solution That May Help Many

Received: 20 February 2023;  Published: 24 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2303247


As the medical world continues to search for ways of improving the swallowing of many millions of Dysphagia sufferers around the world, this paper is devoted to presenting the case for carbonated water to be considered as a potential solution for many. The effectiveness of carbonated water (CW) in the rehabilitation of Dysphagia has been studied periodically over the last thirty years and some significant positive results have been recorded – but it is now proposed that further research should b [...]

Open Access Short Communication

US State Hospital Regulations Rarely Include Malnutrition but Could Provide a Future Policy Framework for Improving Malnutrition Quality of Care

Received: 31 March 2023;  Published: 17 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2303246


Malnutrition is a problem that is often not identified in hospitals as 8% of hospital patients are diagnosed but malnutrition is estimated to affect 20-50% of patients. Federal programs such as Joint Commission accreditation and the new, optional, global malnutrition composite score from CMS may improve inpatient malnutrition diagnosis, but there may be an opportunity to do more from a regulatory side. It’s unknown how many states are considering malnutrition from this standpoint. The study’s go [...]

Open Access Research Article

Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment of Elderly Adults

Received: 23 March 2023;  Published: 14 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2303245


The geriatric population is increasing all over the world. Aging people have special health requirements and comprehensive medical checkups prevent physical, functional and mental decline during the aging period. This study aimed to examine the fitness level and identify problems with the well-being of elderly persons. In this context, the study also attempted to determine the relationship between socio-demographic factors and the health status of elderly adults. In this cross-sectional study, 1 [...]

Open Access Perspective

Vascular Risks, Aging, and Late-Onset Dementia: Overlapping Etiologies Point to 'Scavenger Receptor'-Mediated Therapeutics

Received: 25 March 2023;  Published: 04 August 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2303244


Early changes in systemic vascular stiffness and endothelial function can contribute to altered cerebrovascular hemodynamics and impaired cognitive function; additionally, these vascular changes point to potential targets for prevention and treatment strategies in people with mild cognitive impairment. Although the pathogenic mechanisms underlying these vascular changes are heterogeneous and complex, one common feature is the development of cerebral blood flow (CBF) dysregulation, resulting in c [...]

Open Access Research Article

AI Literacy for an Ageing Workforce: Leveraging the Experience of Older Workers

Received: 02 March 2023;  Published: 25 July 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2303243


This study delves into the potential benefits of Artificial Intelligence (AI) literacy training for late-career-stage workers approaching retirement. These workers often possess extensive experience but may lack the necessary digital and AI skills. AI literacy training can empower them to leverage their experience and become proficient contributors to the digital economy. Furthermore, the article describes how these workers might benefit from AI training, particularly when employing practical ap [...]

Open Access Short Communication

Cross-Temporal Patterns of Care Provision by Older Adults during COVID-19 Pandemic: Lessons for Resilience

Received: 13 March 2023;  Published: 11 July 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2303242


The current study aimed to examine the link between cross-temporal patterns of care provision and loneliness in older adults. Social capital and caregiver stress perspectives served as a theoretical framework for the study. The data were obtained from the two COVID-19 waves of the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) conducted in 2020 and 2021. The data were analyzed using logistic regression models. The analytical sample consisted of 48 [...]