Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopic Studies of PHEV2 form-factor Lithium-ion Cells for Automotive Applications
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Batteries: Past, Present and Future
Submission Deadline: April 10, 2021 (Open) Submit Now
Ahamed Irshad, PhD
Research Associate, Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
Research Interests: lithium-ion and lithium-sulfur batteries, aqueous alkaline batteries, solid electrolytes, conducting polymers, fluoride-ion batteries, metal-air batteries, electrocatalysis, photoelectrochemical devices, interfacial electrochemistry, chemical education
About This Topic
The global energy demand has increased substantially in last decade due to rapid increase in population and unprecedented growth in technology. The increased energy demand has to be met by utilizing renewable energy sources. However, seasonal variation in the power generation from renewables necessitates integrating them with energy storage devices such as batteries. Batteries store electrical energy as chemical energy at a time when energy production is high (charging) and convert back to electricity when there is power requirement (discharging). The ability of modern lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) to store tremendous amount of energy, and charge/discharge multiple times make them ideal for daily life applications. The extraordinary achievement in LIB technology is also recognized by 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry to John Goodenough, Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino. It is the time for us to revisit major milestones in energy storage, and analyze batteries before and after LIBs.
History of batteries began with the invention of “Voltaic pile” by Italian physicist, Alessandro Volta in 1799 in an attempt to explain animal electricity proposed by Luigi Galvani. This invention triggered scientific interest that led to several aqueous batteries such as Daniel cell, nickel-iron or nickel-cadmium alkaline batteries and lead-acid batteries. However, the cell voltage of aqueous batteries was limited to 2 V due to the decomposition of water. Thus, the research goal was soon shifted to high voltage non-aqueous batteries. Lithium with massive specific capacity of 3861 mAh g-1 thanks to its low atomic weight (6.941) and most negative reduction potential (-3.04 V vs. SHE) was considered as an ultimate battery anode. However, safety issues hindered successful commercialization of lithium metal batteries. Soon the pioneers of LIB technology discovered LiCoO2 cathode and graphite anode to build the first lithium-ion battery prototype in 1985, and Sony commercialized it in 1991. Since then, LIBs dominated battery market especially for portable devices and electric vehicles. However, global lithium reserve is limited and distributed unevenly on earth’s crust. Thus, earth-abundant sodium and potassium are proposed recently as alternatives to lithium. Then again, the energy density of traditional LIBs can hardly go beyond 300 Whkg-1. Therefore, there is an urgent quest to develop high-energy metal-sulfur and metal-air batteries. In the present focus issue on batteries, original research and review articles are welcome on theoretical and experimental studies on all aspects of (i) aqueous alkaline and acid batteries, (ii) metal-ion batteries, (iii). redox flow batteries, and (iv) high energy metal-air and metal-sulfur systems.
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batteries; lithium-ion battery; energy storage; alkaline batteries; lead-acid battery; electric vehicles; metal-sulfur and metal-air batteries; energy density; aqueous and non-aqueous batteries
Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopic Studies of PHEV2 form-factor Lithium-ion Cells for Automotive Applications
Received: 09 November 2021; Published: 18 April 2022; doi: 10.21926/jept.2202015
Prismatic PHEV2 form-factor lithium-ion cells with a nominal capacity of 25 Ah (as used for automotive applications) have been studied with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The data was evaluated using electrical equivalent circuits. Mathematical modeling, system identification, and the determination of model parameters of the [...]
Electrochemical Synthesis of Germanium-Polypyrrole Composite Nanomaterials in Ionic Liquids for the Fabrication of Lithium-Ion Batteries
Received: 26 December 2021; Published: 27 March 2022; doi: 10.21926/jept.2201010
Herein, we report the coating of nanostructured germanium using a polypyrrole (PPy) polymer coat as a composite anode material for the fabrication of lithium-ion batteries. The Ge/PPy composites were synthesized following the direct electrochemical deposition method in an ionic liquid (IL). The results revealed that the coating of PPy on Ge [...]
by Syuma Ichida , Daisuke Mori , Sou Taminato , Tao Zhang , Yasuo Takeda , Osamu Yamamoto and Nobuyuki Imanishi
Received: 17 February 2022; Published: 15 March 2022; doi: 10.21926/jept.2201009
Acidic aqueous lithium-air batteries are attractive candidates for use as energy sources in electric vehicles because of their high energy and power densities and ability to operate under ambient conditions. An aqueous lithium-air battery with an acetic acid catholyte has a high theoretical energy density of 1,478 Wh kg–1< [...]
Received: 30 June 2021; Published: 10 January 2022; doi: 10.21926/jept.2201002
lithium-ion battery (LIB) is at the forefront of energy research. Over four decades of research and development have led electric mobility to a reality. Numerous materials capable of storing lithium reversibly, either as an anode or as a cathode, are reported on a daily basis. But very few among them, such as LiCoO [...]
by Argyrios Karatrantos , Sharif Khan , Chuanyu Yan , Reiner Dieden , Koki Urita , Tomonori Ohba and Qiong Cai
Received: 24 May 2021; Published: 27 September 2021; doi: 10.21926/jept.2103043
The performance of metal-ion batteries at low temperatures and their fast charge/discharge rates are determined mainly by the electrolyte (ion) transport. Accurate transport properties must be evaluated for designing and/or optimization of lithium-ion and other metal-ion batteries.
by Hironari Minami , Hiroaki Izumi , Takumi Hasegawa , Fan Bai , Daisuke Mori , Sou Taminato , Yasuo Takeda , osamu yamamoto and Nobuyuki Imanishi
Received: 30 June 2021; Published: 23 September 2021; doi: 10.21926/jept.2103041
Rechargeable batteries with higher energy and power density exceeding the performance of the currently available lithium-ion batteries are suitable for application as the power source in electric vehicles (EVs). Aqueous lithium-air batteries are candidates for various EV applications due to their high energy density of 1910 Wh [...]
Dynamic Behavior of Li in Solid-State Li-Ion Batteries Studied using MeV Ion Beam Analysis Techniques
Received: 26 March 2021; Published: 24 June 2021; doi: 10.21926/jept.2102029
In this review, various studies on the Li depth profiles of metal/electrolyte/metal capacitors and batteries of Au/LCO/LATP/Pt, LCO/LiPON/Si, and LMO/LiPON/NbO with different metal electrodes at both sides (by bias; LCO =LiCoO2, LATP =Li
by Antonio Vázquez-López , Marina García-Carrión , Erlend Hall , Anisa Yaseen , Ilknur Kalafat , María Taeño , Junjie Zhu , Xinyu Zhang , Elif Arici , Omer Suat Taskin , David Maestre , Emilio Nogales , Pedro Hidalgo , Julio Ramírez-Castellanos , Bianchi Méndez , Neslihan Yuca , Smagul Karazhanov , Erik S. Marstein and Ana Cremades
Received: 09 November 2020; Published: 08 May 2021; doi: 10.21926/jept.2102020
Hybrid composites based on inorganic nanomaterials embedded into a polymer matrix have were synthesized and characterized. Oxide semiconductor nanoparticles (SnO, SnO2, TiO2, Ga2O3, and NiO) and Si nanoparticles were employed as inorganic counterparts [...]
by Nobuyuki Imanishi , Tao Zhang , Tao Zhang , Daishuke Mori , Sou Taminato , Yashuo Takeda and osamu yamamoto
Received: 21 February 2021; Published: 08 May 2021; doi: 10.21926/jept.2102019
Because lithium metal exhibits high specific capacity and low potential, it is the best candidate for fabricating anodes for batteries. Rechargeable batteries fabricated using lithium anode exhibit high capacity and high potential cathode; these can be potentially used to fabricate high energy density batteries (>500 Wh kg< [...]
High Energy Density Rechargeable Aqueous Lithium Batteries with an Aqueous Hydroquinone Sulfonic Acid and Benzoquinone Sulfonic Acid Redox Couple Cathode
by Hironori Takagi , Koichi Kakimoto , Daishuke Mori , Sou Taminato , Yashuo Takeda , osamu yamamoto and Nobuyuki Imanishi
Received: 12 January 2021; Published: 24 February 2021; doi: 10.21926/jept.2101010
The demand for high energy density rechargeable batteries beyond lithium-ion batteries has increased for electric vehicles. In the present study, a novel high energy density rechargeable aqueous lithium battery was proposed. The battery was composed of a lithium metal anode, a lithium-stable non-aqueous electrolyte, a water-stable lithium [...]
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