OBM Transplantation (ISSN 2577-5820) is an international peer-reviewed Open Access journal published quarterly online by LIDSEN Publishing Inc., which covers all evidence-based scientific studies related to transplantation, including: transplantation procedures and the maintenance of transplanted tissues or organs; assimilation of grafted tissue and the reconstitution of removed organs or parts of organs; transplantation of heart, lung, kidney, liver, pancreatic islets and bone marrow, etc. Areas related to clinical and experimental transplantation are also of interest.

OBM Transplantation is committed to rapid review and publication, and we aim at serving the international transplant community with high accessibility as well as relevant and high quality content.

We welcome original clinical studies as well as basic science, reviews, short reports/rapid communications, case reports, opinions, technical notes, book reviews as well as letters to the editor. 


Publication Speed (median values for papers published in 2023): Submission to First Decision: 6.7 weeks; Submission to Acceptance: 14.4 weeks; Acceptance to Publication: 6 days (1-2 days of FREE language polishing included)

Current Issue: 2023  Archive: 2020 2019

Topical Collection

Infections in Liver Transplantation


Yasuhiko Sugawara, MD, PhD

Associate Professor, Pediatric Surgery and Transplantation Division, Department of Surgery, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjo, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto 860-5783, Japan


Research Interests: Hepatobiliary surgery; liver transplantation

Topical Collection Information

Liver transplant is a life-saving procedure for many kinds of end-stage liver diseases. Despite of the use of protective measures such as, antimicrobial prophylaxis and vaccination, infections still represent one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality after liver transplantation. Bacteria, fungi, viruses and also parasites can cause infectious complications after liver transplantation.

In this special issue on infections in liver transplantation, submissions related to this topic are invited. Original research, quality and quantitative systematic analysis, review article, case reports pertaining on the infections in liver transplantation, in the adult or pediatric populations are welcome for submission. Topics including bacterial, viral and fungal infections are all eligible.

Publication (8 papers)


Jump to: 2020 2019 

Open Access Review

Cytomegalovirus and Kidney Transplantation: An Update

Received: 08 November 2022;  Published: 29 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.2301174


Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common infection affecting kidney transplant recipients [1]. CMV may be present as asymptomatic viremia or with symptoms ranging from mild to significant tissue-invasive disease [1-3]. Optimal kidney graft function and survival requires that transplant car [...]


Jump to: 2023 2019 

Open Access Case Report

The Use of ECMO in Treatment of Post Liver Transplant Septic Shock

Received: 28 May 2020;  Published: 17 August 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.2003116


Liver transplant is a life-saving therapy for patients with end stage liver disease and liver cancer. Liver re-transplantation cases are usually more challenging and riskier than primary surgery, they require careful consideration and larger recourse utilization. Decision making on who receives tran [...]
Open Access Review

Multidrug-Resistant Bacterial Infections before and after Liver Transplantation

Received: 29 March 2020;  Published: 18 May 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.2002110


Bacterial infection represents a common event in the natural history of cirrhosis, especially in patients with end-stage liver disease. An episode of bacterial infection may significantly modify a patient’s outcome in the setting of liver transplantation (LT) by impairing hepatic and extrahepatic or [...]
Open Access Review

Clinical Approach to the Management of Infections before and after Liver Transplantation

Received: 14 February 2020;  Published: 11 May 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.2002108


The infectious complications before and after liver transplant (LT) are affected by the severity of liver disease and immunosuppression intensity after transplantation. Both cirrhosis and immunosuppression contribute to dysfunction of defensive mechanisms of the host. When a patient is evaluated for [...]
Open Access Review

Histoplasmosis in Liver Transplant Recipients: Case Reports and a Review of the Literature

Received: 21 October 2019;  Published: 28 February 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.2001103


We report two cases of histoplasmosis in orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) recipients to illustrate the variable presentations, complications encountered during treatment, the spectrum of diagnostic modalities, and case outcomes. Case 1 describes the insidious presentation of presumed gastrointestin [...]


Jump to: 2023 2020 

Open Access Review

Modelling Recurrent Primary Biliary Cholangitis and Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis as Infectious Diseases Following Liver Transplantation

Received: 19 November 2019;  Published: 13 December 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.1904094


Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) are idiopathic and progressive autoimmune hepatobiliary disorders that lead to liver failure and a need for liver transplantation in a proportion of individuals with poorly controlled disease. It is currently thought that an [...]
Open Access Case Report

Toxoplasmosis: “An Often Forgotten Cause for Fever of Unknown Origin in Liver Transplant Recipients”. Case Report and Review of Literature

Received: 24 October 2019;  Published: 18 November 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.1904091


Toxoplasmosis in liver transplantation (LT) is uncommon, especially in the current era of universal prophylaxis with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP). Here we present a case of a 55-year-old woman LT recipient, on dapsone or PJP prophylaxis due to su [...]
Open Access Case Report

A Silent and Very Early Post-Liver Transplant Death by Candida Arteritis

Received: 29 August 2019;  Published: 28 October 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.1904089


Background: Graft site candidiasis is a serious complication after solid organ transplantation, often presenting as invasive arteritis leading to graft loss or even death. Case Report: We report a case of anastomotic site candidiasis leading to arterial rupture and death at postoperative day 10 with [...]