Table of Content

Open Access Original Research

The Significance of Key Proteins in the RAS Signaling Pathway: Implications for Cancer and Therapeutic Targets

Received: 18 January 2024;  Published: 24 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402236

Abstract

The RAS signaling pathway is a crucial cell transduction pathway central to transmitting signals from outside the cell to the cell nucleus and influencing fundamental biological mechanisms like cell growth, division, and specialization. This signaling pathway has recently received much attention in scientific research because of its involvement in various diseases, especially carcinogenesis. Our study identified the significance of crucial proteins in the RAS signaling cascade in cancer development and progression. [...]

32 207

Open Access Original Research

Cryptic Resilience: Decoding Molecular Networks in Pearl Millet for Enhanced Heat Stress

Received: 20 February 2024;  Published: 20 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402235

Abstract

Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum), a vital cereal crop renowned for its drought tolerance, is a cornerstone for smallholder farmers in arid and semi-arid regions, ranking as the fifth most significant cereal globally. Despite its resilience, the molecular mechanisms underlying its tolerance to heat stress remained elusive. To address this knowledge gap, we subjected ten-day-old pearl millet seedlings to an unprecedented temperature of 50°C for 60 seconds. Subsequent next-generation RNA sequencing aimed to unravel d [...]

57 334

Open Access Opinion

Prevention of Drug Resistant Epilepsy and Developmental Epileptic Encephalopathy: Preventative Vigabatrin Treatment in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex and the Case for Fenfluramine Treatment of Children with Newly Diagnosed Dravet Syndrome

Received: 15 February 2024;  Published: 08 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402234

Abstract

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is caused by mutations of hamartin (TSC1) or tuberin (TSC2) resulting in disinhibition of the mTOR pathway of cellular proliferation and differentiation and severe neurocognitive impairment, intractable epilepsy and tumors. Epilepsy develops in ~90% folllowed by drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). Recently, prevention of DRE and developmental encephalopathy was shown to be possible in TSC using early administration of vigabatrin. For the first time, medical treatment successfully prevent [...]

169 760

Open Access Review

Induced Mutagenesis using Gamma Rays: Biological Features and Applications in Crop Improvement

Received: 24 December 2023;  Published: 29 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402233

Abstract

Induced mutagenesis has emerged as an essential field of plant breeding to address global food security challenges, offering tools to enhance crop productivity, resistance, and nutritional value. Among the mutation induction tools, the physical mutagen such as gamma rays holds promise for efficient mutation induction. Gamma rays, a type of high-energy electromagnetic radiation, possess unique characteristics that enable them to penetrate plant tissues and induce genetic mutations. The biological effects are influen [...]

197 1019

Open Access Review

Salinity Stress in Maize: Consequences, Tolerance Mechanisms, and Management Strategies

Received: 04 December 2023;  Published: 29 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402232

Abstract

Maize, along with rice and wheat, is a popular staple food crop worldwide, and the most widely produced cereal crop. It is a versatile crop that may be utilized as a source of raw materials for human and animal fodders. Low agricultural yield and rapid population expansion significantly threaten future food security. Maize production is hampered by biotic and abiotic causes, with abiotic factors being the most critical limitation to agricultural output worldwide. Soil salinity is a key abiotic factor that reduces a [...]

200 987

Open Access Original Research

Unveiling Genetic Variation in Garlic Genotypes in Response to Rust Disease Using RAPD Markers

Received: 23 January 2024;  Published: 28 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402231

Abstract

Garlic (Allium sativum), cultivated worldwide for its medicinal and nutritional value, faces challenges due to diseases caused by various pathogens. In this study, eleven garlic genotypes from Iran and one from China were selected and sown under natural infection rendered by the rust fungus (Puccinia alli) over two consecutive years. Subsequently, disease distribution and severity, percentage of infection and susceptibility of different garlic genotypes to rust disease were investigated. The results showed that gen [...]

191 794

Open Access Review

Molecular Plant Physiology for Model Plants under Abiotic Stress Conditions

Received: 23 December 2023;  Published: 24 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402230

Abstract

Extreme temperatures, drought, and high soil salinity are some of the significant abiotic stresses that can severely impact crop yields, posing a threat to global food production. Comprehensive studies on model plant species are crucial for understanding their biochemical, physiological, and molecular responses to abiotic stresses. Identifying stress response mechanisms and potential targets can aid in developing stress-tolerant crop varieties. Additionally, elucidating the functions of reactive oxygen species is e [...]

203 933

Open Access Case Report

Sun Safety Struggles Among Children with Xeroderma Pigmentosum in a Tropical Low-Income Country

Received: 05 February 2024;  Published: 19 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402229

Abstract

Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare genodermatosis characterized by increased sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation, leading to severe skin manifestations and a higher risk of early-onset malignancies. Previous studies from temperate climate countries with sound economic levels showed adequate photoprotection compliance among pediatric XP patients. However, no studies have assessed photoprotection compliance among children with XP living in tropical and low-economic settings. This article reports a low photoprotect [...]

220 873

Open Access Review

Newborn Screening for Neuromuscular Disorders, Disorders of Glycogen Metabolism, and Fatty Acid Oxidation

Received: 08 February 2024;  Published: 18 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402228

Abstract

Newborn screening for neuromuscular disorders and glycogen or fatty acid oxidation disorders aims to identify infants at risk for these conditions, allowing for early intervention and management. While not all neuromuscular disorders currently have established newborn screening programs, there are various disorders for which screening is available or under investigation. Neuromuscular disorders encompass a wide range of conditions that affect the nerve, muscle, or the connection between them. Examples include spina [...]

186 867

Open Access Original Research

A Comprehensive in Silico Analysis of the Functional and Structural Consequences of the Deleterious Missense Nonsynonymous SNPs in Human GABRA6 Gene

Received: 20 December 2023;  Published: 15 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402227

Abstract

Epilepsy, a prevalent neurological disorder, affects more than 50 million individuals worldwide and is characterized by recurring seizures. Nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) found within coding regions of epilepsy-related genes are believed to have significant impacts on protein function. This is due to their tendency to cause mutations in the encoded amino acids, which can subsequently lead to pathogenic alterations in protein structure and function. Consequently, nsSNPs have the potential to [...]

187 919

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