Table of Content

Open Access Review

The Role of Cognition in Balance Control

Received: 14 September 2023;  Published: 17 February 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401211

Abstract

Balance is the ability to move and/or preserve a particular position while not falling under external force. Human balance is a complex process of integration and coordination of the sensory, motor, and biomechanical components, which is influenced by intrinsic and exogenous factors. One inherent factor that is hypothesized to have an impact on balance is cognition. However, studies about cognition's role in balance control are still limited, and study literature is needed to gain a better understanding. Cognition [...]

41 359

Open Access Editorial

Pain and Neurobiology

Received: 01 February 2024;  Published: 02 February 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401210

Abstract

Neurobiology is an expansive field of studies encompassing the nervous system's anatomical and physiological aspects [1]. This complex framework's deep study and understanding have facilitated a more intricate comprehension of the interconnections among various nervous system components implicated in pain perception, transmission, modulation, and adaptation.

58 474

Open Access Review

The Association between Uric Acid Level and Ischemic Stroke

Received: 11 July 2023;  Published: 16 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401209

Abstract

Stroke is the second and third leading cause of death and disability, respectively, all over the world. It seriously affects patients' lives and brings huge burdens to their families. Ischemic stroke accounts for most of the stroke cases. In the absence of any effective treatment, prevention measures through controlling the risk factors for ischemic stroke become crucial. While uric acid has been reported as an essential risk factor for ischemic stroke, researchers hold inconsistent views regarding the specific ass [...]

337 1265

Open Access Review

Scope of Nanomaterials in Treating Neurological Disorders

Received: 08 November 2023;  Published: 11 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401208

Abstract

In the last decade, development in nanotechnology has been used intensively. By studying nanotechnology and nanomaterials, we can generate excellent responses in healthcare related to neurological disorders. It also includes easy diagnosis of diseases in their early stages, delivery of genes, and many more. Neurological disorders are one of the most sensitive topics. Therefore, nanomaterials promise to treat neurological disorders as they are highly efficient. Nanomaterials will significantly expand our knowledge o [...]

239 1249

Open Access Original Research

Neuroprotective Effects and Cognitive Enhancement of Allomargaritarine in 5xFAD Alzheimer's Disease Mice Model

Received: 23 August 2023;  Published: 09 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401207

Abstract

Here, we report the results of an investigation of the neuroprotective effects of securinine with tryptamine conjugate-allomargaritarine (2b), previously selected as the leading compound among a wide range of natural derivatives. 2b was synthesized from securinine using various Lewis acids as catalysts. In addition to the antioxidant and cytoprotective properties previously shown for 2b, in this work, in vitro analysis of the biological activity of the compound demonstrated that this conjugate is also able to influ [...]

233 1147

Open Access Original Research

Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) in Neurology for Web 3.0 and mHealth: A Conceptual Framework

Received: 02 June 2023;  Published: 09 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401206

Abstract

According to 2019 WHO data, neurological conditions contribute to 1503.39 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) per 100,000 population. Approximately 57% of office-based physicians use EHR systems and the natural place to incorporate standardized ePRO is into EHR. However, implementing patient-reported outcomes (PROs) for neurological conditions is challenging because many patients are elderly, have comorbidities, and experience cognitive impairment. As healthcare digitization increases, we propose a framework for [...]

170 1019

Open Access Original Research

The Impact of Psychological Stress on Personal Income, Physical Health and Entrepreneurial Intentions among Entrepreneurs

Received: 19 September 2023;  Published: 04 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401205

Abstract

Entrepreneurial intention plays a pivotal role within entrepreneurship ecosystems, acting as a catalyst for economic growth and innovation by inspiring individuals to embrace entrepreneurship as a viable career pursuit. The present research delves into the intricate dynamics between stress, entrepreneurial intention, personal income, and physical health within Egypt's entrepreneurial landscape. Grounded in a quantitative analysis of 286 valid samples and utilizing SmartPLS 4, this study unveils compelling insights. [...]

342 1607

Open Access Editorial

Acknowledgement to Reviewers of OBM Neurobiology in 2023

Received: 03 January 2024;  Published: 04 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401204

Abstract

The editors of OBM Neurobiology would like to express their sincere gratitude to the following reviewers for assessing manuscripts in 2023. We greatly appreciate the contribution of expert reviewers, which is crucial to the journal’s editorial process. We aim to recognize reviewer contributions through several mechanisms, of which the annual publication of reviewer names is one. Reviewers receive a voucher entitling them to a discount on their next LIDSEN publication and can download a certificate of recognition di [...]

155 748

Open Access Original Research

Interactive Technology to Help People with Multiple Disabilities Practice Relevant Physical Responses within an Occupational Task

Received: 09 October 2023;  Published: 02 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401203

Abstract

This study adapted a new interactive technology system to help six participants with intellectual disability and visual and motor impairments to exercise relevant physical responses as part of an occupational task. The task was to place objects into different containers from a sitting position. The responses, which changed across sessions, consisted of the participants (a) stretching the left arm and shoulder to place objects in a container located to their left, (b) stretching the right arm and shoulder to place o [...]

96 872

Open Access Concept Paper

An Overview of Recent Technology-Aided Intervention Strategies to Help People with Intellectual and Multiple Disabilities Meet Relevant Rehabilitation Goals

Received: 09 September 2023;  Published: 15 December 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2304202

Abstract

The paper presents an overview of recent studies assessing technology-aided strategies aimed at helping people with intellectual and multiple disabilities reach relevant rehabilitation goals. The 16 studies included in the paper addressed four specific rehabilitation goals, that is, (a) performance of functional activities, (b) access to leisure and communication and performance of functional activities, (c) increase of adaptive responses and decrease of problem behavior or inadequate posture, and (d) increase of a [...]

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