Table of Content

Open Access Review

The Biomolecular Basis of Gut Microbiome on Neurological Diseases

Received: 23 February 2024;  Published: 16 July 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2403232

Abstract

The human gastrointestinal (GI) tract harbors many microorganisms, including viruses, protozoa, archaea, fungi, and bacteria. Altogether, these microbes constitute what we know as the gut microbiome (GM). These commensal communities have important implications for human health. They influence physiological processes through different mechanisms, including synthesizing neurotransmitters, regulating enzymatic pathways, and releasing molecules responsible for different signal pathways. The interaction between GM and b [...]

32 449

Open Access Case Report

Implementation of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in a Child with Obsessive - Compulsive Disorder: A Case Study

Received: 19 October 2023;  Published: 15 July 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2403231

Abstract

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a prevalent child and adolescent psychiatric condition characterized by substantial functional impairments. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has emerged as the primary therapeutic approach for managing mild to moderate cases of OCD in children and adolescents. Significant advancements have been made in applying CBT specifically to this age group in the past decade. Exposure and response prevention (ERP) is a core therapeutic technique grounded in the principle that anxiety t [...]

23 380

Open Access Original Research

Glasgow Coma Scale Scores and Impact of Delirium on Intubated Seizure Patients Treated with Phenytoin and Lacosamide: Retrospective Analysis and Literature Review

Received: 29 November 2023;  Published: 05 July 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2403230

Abstract

Studies have shown that decrease in time intubated is associated with better prognosis. Delirium is associated with increased duration of mechanical ventilation and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) length of stay. However, there is limited report on delirium in intubated seizure patients. As per report, low Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) increased the risk of delirium and thus increasing ICU length of stay. Information on delirium and outcome in intubated seizure patients receiving lacosamide versus phenytoin is limited. Our re [...]

62 438

Open Access Original Research

Alpha/Theta Neurofeedback Rehabilitation for Improving Attention and Working Memory in Female Students with Learning Disabilities

Received: 07 April 2024;  Published: 01 July 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2403229

Abstract

Learning disabilities (LDs) encompass a range of cognitive challenges that can significantly influence students' educational experiences and overall academic performance. This study aimed to investigate the effects of alpha/theta neurofeedback rehabilitation on attention and working memory in female students with learning disabilities. This study employed a quasi-experimental design with pre-tests, post-tests, and a two-month follow-up and included a control group. Convenience sampling was used to select 40 female [...]

75 549

Open Access Original Research

A Technology-Aided Program to Help People with Profound Intellectual and Multiple Disabilities Access Preferred Stimulation and Exercise Motor Responses and Visual Orientation

Received: 14 March 2024;  Published: 28 June 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402228

Abstract

People with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) are generally isolated, with a high risk of reduced stimulation input and physical inactivity. One of the strategies available to mitigate this situation relies on using technology-aided programs delivering stimulation contingent on people’s basic responses/activation. The two studies reported here were intended to extend the evidence available in this area. Specifically, Study I assessed whether a technology-aided program, which enabled participant [...]

83 574

Open Access Original Research

Is Wheelchair Basketball a Symmetric or Asymmetric Sport?

Received: 16 January 2024;  Published: 25 June 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402227

Abstract

Wheelchair basketball (WB) is a health and inclusion opportunity for people with disabilities. In the scientific literature, no evidence defines WB as a symmetrical or asymmetrical sport; however, it would be helpful to deepen this aspect because it could improve the quality of training programs and consequently speed up WB performance. In WB, the biomechanical role of the shoulders is crucial. Therefore, the symmetry index and the activation of the bilateral supraspinatus and biceps brachii muscles were investigat [...]

92 524

Open Access Review

The Effectiveness of Using Progressive Muscle Relaxation Techniques on Quality of Life, Stress, And Anxiety Among Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Systematic Review

Received: 28 February 2024;  Published: 16 June 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402226

Abstract

The progressive muscle relaxation technique (PMRT) is an active method that is defined as a technique through which individuals gradually cause a feeling of quietness and coolness by actively contracting and loosening specific muscle groups. The purpose of this study was to review the effectiveness of using progressive muscle relaxation techniques on quality of life, stress, and anxiety levels among Acute Myocardial Infarction patients. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials (2013-2023). Databases of P [...]

168 727

Open Access Review

Enhancing University Students’ Mental Health under Artificial Intelligence: Principles of Behaviour Therapy

Received: 13 March 2024;  Published: 24 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402225

Abstract

The increasing prevalence of mental health issues among university students has become a growing concern globally. This review explores the potential of Artificial Intelligence (AI) integrated with principles of behaviour therapy to address mental health challenges among university students. The paper examines how AI technologies, including chatbots, virtual reality, and machine learning algorithms, can be harnessed to provide accessible, personalized, and effective mental health interventions. Furthermore, it disc [...]

129 757

Open Access Original Research

Assessing the Factor Structure and Construct Validity of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) in a Korean Preschool Teacher Sample

Received: 07 March 2024;  Published: 21 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402224

Abstract

Preschool teachers are at high risk of depression. Therefore, emphasis should be placed on evaluating a valid and reliable instrument to measure depressive symptomatology for this population. One such promising instrument is the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), a 21-item self-report measure designed to assess the presence and severity of depression. Although the tool’s psychometric properties have been analyzed in different samples, they have not been validated with a Korean preschool teacher sample. Hence, this [...]

148 894

Open Access Review

Red Algae Compounds: Potential Neuroprotective Agents for Neurodegenerative Disorders

Received: 06 March 2024;  Published: 10 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402223

Abstract

This review explores the potential of compounds derived from red algae (Rhodophyta) as promising neuroprotective agents for treating neurodegenerative disorders. Red algae, abundant in marine environments, contain bioactive compounds with diverse chemical structures and functionalities. Sulfated polysaccharides, primarily agar and carrageenans, stand out as the predominant and widely utilized compounds derived from red algae. Additionally, red algae harbor a spectrum of potential molecules such as essential fatty a [...]

203 1135

TOP