Table of Contents

Volume 3,Issue 4

Open Access Research Article

Evaluation of the Performance of Vital Services in Urban Crisis Management

Received: 08 October 2022;  Published: 26 December 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204057

Abstract

Crisis management assessment and planning include many components. One of the essential elements is the review and analysis of the structure of the existing situation and the performance of Vital services in the face of critical cases. During the occurrence of natural disasters, the issue of crisis management is crucial in order to reduce the damages caused by the crisis. One thing that reduces the damages is the correct and timely access of critical relief centers such as fire depar [...]

Open Access Original Research

Soil Carbon Sequestration in Agroforestry Systems as a Mitigation Strategy of Climate Change: A Case Study from Dinajpur, Bangladesh

Received: 18 October 2022;  Published: 26 December 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204056

Abstract

The study was carried out in three different locations in Dinajpur district, Bangladeshto observe soil carbon sequestration in agroforestry systems as a mitigation strategy for climate change. A total of 108 composite soil samples were collected at 0-30 cm in different study area sites. The total number of samples comprised three agroforestry systems (cropland agroforestry, homestead agroforestry, and orchard agroforestry) where 36 samples were [...]

Open Access Original Research

Energy Efficiency of High-Speed Railways n

Received: 18 August 2022;  Published: 26 December 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204055

Abstract

The world is becoming more dependent on energy resources, which translates into political dependency on energy-exported states. This will significantly impact the economy, transport, and the environment around the world. Railway transport is becoming an essential mode of transportation because it can operate on an electrified network and has zero carbon emissions. High-Speed Railways (HSR) is an energy-intensive transport system, and it is important economically and environmentally to reduce the [...]

Open Access Research Article

Demonstrating Regional Climate and Meteorological Sensitivity in Landfill Methane Inventories from Historical Californian Databases

Received: 13 September 2022;  Published: 20 December 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204054

Abstract

The urgency to manage global methane emissions has been acknowledged with international pledges to reduce 2020 levels by 30% by 2030. Carbon management requires effective tools to monitor changes, including those from significant sources including waste disposed on land. The first order degradation model used to determine landfill methane emissions, has been described by researchers as highly variable, insensitive and inadequate, despite recent attempts to explain microclimate impacts on methane [...]

Open Access Research Article

Groundwater Artificial Recharge Potentiality in Al-Qilt Catchment Jericho – West Bank – Palestine

Received: 28 September 2022;  Published: 19 December 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204053

Abstract

The main research objective is to highlight the potentiality of artificial groundwater recharge in Al-Qilt catchment- Jericho – Palestine regarding the water shortage in the groundwater-supplied areas. Artificial recharge can be a possible option in increasing the storability of the underground aquifer, which will add values to the Palestinian strategy to optimize the total accessibility of groundwater resources. The increase of water demands and the scarcity [...]

Open Access Review

A Review of Plant Bioindicators in Wetlands

Received: 09 November 2022;  Published: 16 December 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204052

Abstract

With the increasing human population, the protection of water resources is becoming a critical issue. Wetlands are one of the most important water resources, helping assimilate pollutants. Hence, the ecosystem integrity of wetlands is important. Plant bioindicators with phytoremediation (physiologically removing pollutants from the ecosystem by plants) capacity can be very helpful in this regard. Based on the current literature, this study specifically aims to overview plant bioindicators with p [...]

Open Access Research Article

Carbon Taxation as An Instrument to Promote Wildfire Prevention and Avoid Biodiversity Loss in Portugal: An Order of Magnitude Analysis

Received: 09 September 2022;  Published: 15 December 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204051

Abstract

Climate change is one of the main challenges of the current century. Emissions taxes are one of the proposed ways to help in addressing this issue. In this sense, Portugal has introduced an Addition Tax on Carbon Emissions through Law N. 82-D/2014. One of the most notorious impacts of climate change in the country is the wildfires increasing in frequency and intensity. Forests provide various ecosystem services not valued by traditional markets, such as carbon sequestration. Recently, Portugal h [...]

Open Access Original Research

Assessment of Water Quality in Selangor, Malaysia during the Pandemic Movement Control Order

Received: 27 October 2022;  Published: 14 December 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204050

Abstract

The COVID-19 lockdown reduced the amount of human activity in Selangor, resulting in improved water quality, less water pollution, and a restored ecosystem. The purpose of this research was to investigate water quality before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as changes in water pollution. After acquiring all of the data from third-party sources, this study analyzed the data using a methodical and statistical approach to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Selangor. The purp [...]

Open Access Research Article

Estimation of the Return Periods in Hydrology

Received: 26 September 2022;  Published: 08 December 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204049

Abstract

A filtered Poisson process is proposed as a model for river flows. With the help of real-life data, the model parameters are estimated. Mathematical formulae are derived in order to estimate the various return periods of the river. An application to two rivers shows that the point estimates are very close to the corresponding values computed by hydrologists, based on historical data. Moreover, by modifying the values of the parameters in the model, we can see the potential effects of [...]

Open Access Original Research

Variations in the Maximum Electron Density of the F2 Layer (NmF2) over the Middle Latitude Station of Grahamstown, South Africa, during Solar Cycle 23

Received: 13 September 2022;  Published: 05 December 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204048

Abstract

Ultraviolet (UV) and X-ray radiation are the primary causes of ionization that produce electron density in sufficient quantities to promote the propagation of satellite radio signals in the ionosphere. The electron densities suffer from spatio-temporal variations, and this poses different degrees of threats to satellite radio signals propagating through the ionosphere. We aimed to characterize the maximum electron density of the F2 layer (Nm

Open Access Review

Carbon Footprint Study of Korean Green Tea Industry Using the Methods of the Life Cycle Assessment and Calculating Carbon Absorption in Agricultural Land

Received: 02 September 2022;  Published: 02 December 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204047

Abstract

Due to recent global warming and climate change events, about 127 countries have declared themselves carbon neutral since the Paris Agreement was signed. Furthermore, agriculture is directly or indirectly affected by climate change. In particular, the importance of carbon neutrality is very high due to the high carbon absorption potential of forestry biomass. In the global beverage market, green tea is the second most consumed beverage after water, and the potential of tea tree biomass to absorb [...]

Open Access Review

Human Interference with the Earth Has Abolished the Next Ice Age but Overdosing with Carbon Dioxide Emissions Could Have Catastrophic Consequences

Received: 29 November 2021;  Published: 28 November 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204046

Abstract

Around 1600 AD the carbon dioxide content of the earth’s atmosphere started to rise, even whilst according to the Milankovitch [1] astronomical theory of climate variation it was due to fall. On the natural earth the carbon dioxide count of the atmosphere is a delayed response and an enhancing feedback on the basic cause of the Milankovitch astronomical cycle, the intensity of the June sunshine. If the Milankovitch cycle had continued its natural course, the medevial cold period known as the lit [...]

Open Access Original Research

Vulnerability and Resilience: An Attempt to Theorize

Received: 15 June 2022;  Published: 16 November 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204045

Abstract

In the context of resource depletion and global warming, the energy transition has become a necessity. To provide a basis for analysis and to support countries in this transition, it is necessary to better understand this transition. The creation of a good measurement tool could help. This paper proposes a measure of national resilience through an analogy to kinetic energy. Preliminary results show that some countries have strong potential for resilience in the energy transition. Inequalities ex [...]

Open Access Original Research

Kinetics and Thermodynamics of the Pyrolysis of Waste Polystyrene over Natural Clay

Received: 22 July 2022;  Published: 01 November 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204044

Abstract

Due to the massive increase in polymer manufacture, there has been a remarkable increase in plastic waste. With fewer landfills being used to dump plastic waste each year, it is becoming increasingly important to use effective recycling methods for plastic waste decomposition. In the present work, waste polystyrene was degraded in the presence of natural clay (K0.02, Ca0.15 [Mg0.25, Al0.69, Fe0 [...]

Open Access Communication

Quantification of the Carbon Sequestration Potential of a 31-year-old Tree-based Intercropping System in Southern Ontario, Canada

Received: 08 September 2022;  Published: 25 October 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204043

Abstract

Carbon (C) storage potential was quantified for four tree species which are commonly incorporated into tree-based intercropping (TBI) systems and compared with conventional agricultural systems in southern Ontario, Canada. In the 31-year-old TBI system at the University of Guelph’s Agroforestry Research Station, Norway spruce (Picea abies), white cedar (Thuja occidentalis), black walnut (Juglans nigra) and red [...]

Open Access Original Research

Some Aspects of Marine Meteorology and Air-Sea-Wetland-River Interactions During Hurricane Ida (2021)

Received: 28 August 2022;  Published: 21 October 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204042

Abstract

In August 2021 Hurricane Ida devastated southeast Louisiana. On the basis of numerous pertinent meteorological-oceanographic (met-ocean) information including datasets and graphics as supplied by various public agencies, several unique topics related to marine meteorology and air-sea-land interactions are investigated. It is found that a newly proposed revised relation between minimum sea-level pressure and maximum sustained wind speed is verified during Ida. Characteristics of the rapid intensi [...]

Open Access Original Research

Impact of COVID-19 on Chile's Energy Transition Policies and Goals

Received: 16 June 2022;  Published: 13 October 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204041

Abstract

Because of climate change, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have increased, leading to the implementation of energy transition policies. Countries have adopted the Paris Agreement to curb the effects of climate change. The emergence of COVID-19 in 2020 led to the application of different measures to stop its transmission. This study evaluated the effects of COVID-19-related restrictions (such as quarantine and mobility restriction) in Chile during the first wave on compliance with the country's en [...]

Open Access Research Article

Biogeochemical Engineering: Technologies for Managing Environmental Risks

Received: 05 September 2022;  Published: 13 October 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204040

Abstract

This research aims at one of the most important economic and environmental problems - the elimination of the consequences in case of emergency spills while cleaning petroleum products. The objectives of the study include the development and production of new biological products and biosorbents based on carbon-oxidizing microorganisms, testing the developed technologies for environmental risk management to eliminate the consequences of emergency petroleum product spills, creating an algorithm for [...]

Open Access Opinion

The Role of Agriculture in the Australian Government’s Emission Reduction Fund

Received: 21 July 2022;  Published: 10 October 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2204039

Abstract

Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture in 2022 were 67.8 million (M) tonnes (t) of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-e), amounting to 12.9% of total emissions. Erupted methane (CH4) from ruminant animals comprised 42% of agricultural emissions. By 2030, the Australian Government aims to reduce total emissions by 43% from the 2005 level. The primary policy instrument for achieving this reduction is the Emissions Reduction Fund (ERF) in whi [...]

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