Table of Content

Open Access Review

The Role of Genetic Counseling in Gynecological Oncology

Received: 15 July 2019;  Published: 12 December 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1904101


Background: Clinical or medical genetics deals with the study and diagnosis of genetic diseases. It is oriented to the formulation of the clinical diagnosis of genetic diseases and genetic counseling, in order to evaluate the possible reproductive risk for the patient and his family. The geneticist [...]

270 2123

Open Access Hypothesis

Combination of the Hansemann-Boveri, Warburg, and Knudson Theories of Cancer, Based on Failure of Missegregation Damage Mitigation

Received: 17 July 2019;  Published: 03 December 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1904100


The Hansemann-Boveri aneuploidy theory, the Warburg aerobic glycolysis theory, and the Knudson two-hit mutation theory can be seen as different aspects of a theory where the very common chromosome missegregation damage is mitigated by several quite different mechanisms. Cancer only occurs when all o [...]

259 1544

Open Access Review

Nutrition, Cancer Genetics and Epigenetics

Received: 01 October 2019;  Published: 28 November 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1904099


A strong association has been established between nutrition and disease risk confirmed by epidemiological data and meta-analysis. In the context of cancer, unhealthy diets have been demonstrated to increase the risk of disease. On the other hand, major dietary interventions and lifestyle changes hav [...]

359 1709

Open Access Original Research

Diversity in the Bacterial Genus Dickeya Grouping Plant Pathogens and Waterways Isolates

Received: 25 July 2019;  Published: 26 November 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1904098


Background: The Dickeya genus comprises aggressive soft rot plant pathogens with wide geographic distribution and host ranges. Ten Dickeya species have been characterised. Seven of them (D. chrysanthemi, D. dadantii, D. dianthicola, D. fangzhongdai, D. solani, D. paradisiaca, D. zeae) group causati [...]

315 1867

Open Access Review

Optimizing Phage Translation Initiation

Received: 09 June 2019;  Published: 17 October 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1904097


Phage as an anti-bacterial agent must be efficient in killing bacteria, and consequently needs to replicate efficiently. Protein production is a limiting step in replication in almost all forms of life, including phages. Efficient protein production depends on the efficiency of translation initiatio [...]

241 1557

Open Access Review

Insulin-Like Growth Factor 2 in Physiology, Cancer, and Cancer Treatment

Received: 14 May 2019;  Published: 14 October 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1904096


IGF2 is a strongly mitogenic peptide and imprinted gene primarily involved in foetal development. In the foetus, IGF2 is highly expressed and is involved with foetal growth and tissue differentiation. However, postnatally IGF2 expression decreases although its expression level is still higher in blo [...]

318 1830

Open Access Short Report

Thalassemia Intermedia Caused by a Combination of a Globin Gene Triplication with Heterozygosity for β0 Thalassemia: A Case Report

Received: 19 May 2019;  Published: 17 September 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1903095


Thalassemia syndromes are a group of hemoglobinopathies characterized by gene defects that disrupt hemoglobin synthesis. Thalassemia intermediate is referred to a group of disorders with a less severe form of the disease when compared with thalassemia major. We present the case of a 60 year old w [...]

319 1860

Open Access Editorial

Introduction to Genetic Screening

Received: 06 September 2019;  Published: 11 September 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1903094


We present here the content and articles of this special issue on genetic screening, putting them in perspective with the field and between themselves.

332 1768

Open Access Review

Newborn Screening for Genetic Diseases: An Overview of Current and Future Applications

Received: 01 July 2019;  Published: 06 September 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1903093


Newborn screening (NBS) for inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) was introduced more than 50 years ago with the testing of phenylketonuria (PKU) using blood spots deposited on a filter paper after heel prick. NBS aims to identify early after birth inherited disorders for which clinical management and p [...]

329 1844

Open Access Communication

Upregulation of COX-2 in MCF7 Breast Cancer Cells When Exposed to Shear Stress

Received: 17 June 2019;  Published: 06 September 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1903092


Background: Invasive breast cancer affects 1 in 8 women in the United States and causes one of the highest cancer mortality rates for women. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), a central enzyme in prostaglandin biosynthesis, is implicated in breast cancer initiation, progression, invasion, metastasis, and has [...]

304 1896